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    RAGAM HIAS BEKAS RUMAH TUAN TANAH PERKEBUNAN DI TAMBUN SELATAN KABUPATEN BEKASI

    Lia Nuralia
    Pubawidya: Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengembangan Arkeologi, 01 June 2017, Vol.6(1), pp.45-60 [Peer Reviewed Journal]
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    Title: RAGAM HIAS BEKAS RUMAH TUAN TANAH PERKEBUNAN DI TAMBUN SELATAN KABUPATEN BEKASI
    Author: Lia Nuralia
    Subject: Ornament, Former House of Landheer Plantation, Tambun in Bekasi Regency
    Description: This study aims to reveal the meaning and function of ornament of former house of farms landlord in South Tambun, Bekasi Regency. The method used is descriptive analytical method with literature studies and internet data collection technique. The results obtained are the ornaments  on the body of the building (walls, openings, pillars/columns), with geometric and organic motives. In general serves as ornamnet and reinforcement of the building as a supporter of functional structures. Diversity and the many ornaments on the colonial house indicates that their owners have a high social status with great power and well established economy.   Keywords: ornaments, former house of farms landlord, Tambun, Bekasi Kajian ini bertujuan mengungkap jenis-jenis ragam hias pada bekas rumah tuan tanah perkebunan di Tambun Selatan, Bekasi. Metode yang digunakan adalah metode deskriptif analitik dengan teknik pengumpulan data studi literatur dan internet. Hasil yang diperoleh adalah ragam hias pada badan bangunan (dinding, bukaan, pilar/kolom) berupa motif geometris dan organis. Secara umum hal tersebut berfungsi sebagai hiasan dan penguat bangunan untuk mendukung struktur fungsional. Keanekaragaman dan banyaknya ragam hias, menunjukkan bahwa pemiliknya memiliki status sosial tinggi dengan kekuasaan besar dan ekonomi mapan.   Kata Kunci: ragam hias, bekas rumah tuan tanah perkebunan, Tambun, Bekasi
    Is part of: Pubawidya: Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengembangan Arkeologi, 01 June 2017, Vol.6(1), pp.45-60
    Identifier: 2252-3758 (ISSN); 2528-3618 (E-ISSN); 10.24164/pw.v6i1.158 (DOI)

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    PERAN ELITE PRIBUMI DALAM EKSPLOITASI KAPITALISME KOLONIAL: KOMPARASI ANTARA PRASASTI DAN ARSIP Indigenous Elite In Colonial Exploitation Of Capitalism: Comparison Between Inscription And Archives

    Lia Nuralia
    Pubawidya: Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengembangan Arkeologi, 01 July 2016, Vol.4(1), pp.39-54 [Peer Reviewed Journal]
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    Title: PERAN ELITE PRIBUMI DALAM EKSPLOITASI KAPITALISME KOLONIAL: KOMPARASI ANTARA PRASASTI DAN ARSIP Indigenous Elite In Colonial Exploitation Of Capitalism: Comparison Between Inscription And Archives
    Author: Lia Nuralia
    Description: Abstract This paper describes the role of indigenous elite in colonial capitalism exploitation in 19th-20th century, in the plantation companies of Pamaneokan en Tjiasemlanden (P & T Lands) in Subang, West Java. By conducting a comparative analysis of the inscription of Colonial and Dutch Archives (The Inscription Hofland/1861 and the Inscription De Onderneming Soekamandi/1925; Archives Netherlands, “personeel in de Binnenlanden, Afdeeling Indramaijoe, Landraad/Almanac van Nederlandsch-Indie voor het jaar 1816 to 1942” and “Memory Resident Karawang/Povelier, October 1929/Memorie Van Overgrave”), the role of elites can be revealed, i.e. as an intermediary for the delivery of all forms of instruction relating to the exploitation of the colonies to the indigenous people.   Key words: Indigenous Elite, Exploitation of Capitalism, Inscription, Archives   Abstrak Tulisan ini menguraikan tentang peran elite pribumi dalam eksploitasi kapitalisme kolonial pada abad ke-19–20, dalam perusahaan perkebunan Pamanoekan en Tjiasemlanden (P & T Lands) di Subang Jawa Barat. Untuk mencapai tujuan tersebut dilakukan analisis komparatif terhadap Prasasti Kolonial dan Arsip Belanda. Berdasarkan Prasasti Hofland dan Prasasti De Onderneming Soekamandi; serta Arsip Belanda, Personeel in de Binnenlanden, Afdeeling Indramaijoe, Landraad/Almanak van Nederlandsch-Indie voor het jaar 1816-1942 dan Memori Residen Karawang/Povelier, October 1929/Memorie Van Overgrave, peran elite pribumi dapat terungkap, yaitu sebagai perantara penyampaian segala bentuk instruksi yang berkaitan dengan eksploitasi tanah jajahan kepada rakyat pribumi.   Kata kunci: elite pribumi, eksploitasi kapitalisme, prasasti, arsip
    Is part of: Pubawidya: Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengembangan Arkeologi, 01 July 2016, Vol.4(1), pp.39-54
    Identifier: 2252-3758 (ISSN); 2528-3618 (E-ISSN); 10.24164/pw.v4i1.66 (DOI)

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    OBJEK ARKEOLOGI DI KECAMATAN LEUWIDAMAR: INDIKASI KEBERADAAN KOTA TUA PADA ABAD XIX OBJECT OF ARCHAEOLOGY IN DISTRICT OF LEUWIDAMAR: INDICATION ON THE EXISTENCE OF THE OLD TOWN CENTURY XIX

    Lia Nuralia
    Pubawidya: Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengembangan Arkeologi, 01 June 2016, Vol.2(2), pp.151-162 [Peer Reviewed Journal]
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    Title: OBJEK ARKEOLOGI DI KECAMATAN LEUWIDAMAR: INDIKASI KEBERADAAN KOTA TUA PADA ABAD XIX OBJECT OF ARCHAEOLOGY IN DISTRICT OF LEUWIDAMAR: INDICATION ON THE EXISTENCE OF THE OLD TOWN CENTURY XIX
    Author: Lia Nuralia
    Description: ABSTRACT District of Leuwidamar, Regency of Lebak, Province of Banten storing historical evidence of the existence of the old town in the early nineteenth century. The historical evidence is marked by the discovery of some archaeological objects that have a high historical and architectural value. Of which the former office building Kawedanaan Leuwidamar, foundation Leuwidamar former prison building, the tomb of Muslim missionaries Ki Derus great-grandfather, and former Old Bridge Cisimeut building. The archaeological remains have been found through a survey method. History information obtained through interviews and literature. Through direct observation it can be said that the four archaeological object is a component of the old city buildings. Then the former office building Kawedanaan Leuwidamar have characteristics architectural style trend in the nineteenth century, The Empire Style, with a symmetrical layout, pyramid-roofed one-story building, following the north-south axis of the shaft, and the use of poles and pilasters. Historical records mention that in 1828, Lebak District Parahiang (Leuwidamar) serve as the capital of Lebak regency until 1843.   Keywords: archaeological objects, District of Leuwidamar, the old town   ABSTRAK Kecamatan Leuwidamar, Kabupaten Lebak, Provinsi Banten menyimpan bukti sejarah tentang keberadaan kota tua wal abad XIX. Bukti sejarah tersebut ditandai dengan ditemukannya beberapa objek arkeologi yang memiliki nilai sejarah dan arsitektur tinggi. Di antaranya bangunan bekas Kantor Kawedanaan Leuwidamar, pondasi bekas bangunan penjara, makam penyebar agama Islam Ki Buyut Derus, dan bekas bangunan Jembatan Kuno Cisimeut. Tinggalan arkeologis ini berhasil ditemukan melalui metode penelitian survei. Informasi mengenai sejarahnya diperoleh melalui wawancara dan studi literatur. Melalui pengamatan langsung dapat dikatakan bahwa keempat objek arkeologi tersebut merupakan bangunan komponen kota tua. Kemudian bangunan bekas Kantor Kawedanaan Leuwidamar memiliki ciri-ciri gaya arsitektur yang trend pada abad XIX, The Empire Style, dengan denah simetris, bangunan satu lantai beratap limas, mengikuti sumbu poros utara-selatan, dan penggunaan tiang dan pilaster. Catatan sejarah menyebutkan bahwa pada tahun 1828, Distrik Lebak Parahiang (Leuwidamar) dijadikan sebagai ibukota Kabupaten Lebak sampai tahun 1843. Kata Kunci : objek arkeologi, Kecamatan Leuwidamar, kota tua
    Is part of: Pubawidya: Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengembangan Arkeologi, 01 June 2016, Vol.2(2), pp.151-162
    Identifier: 2252-3758 (ISSN); 2528-3618 (E-ISSN); 10.24164/pw.v2i2.45 (DOI)

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    Mesjid Cikoneng Anyer Banten: Wujud Akulturasi Masyarakat Muslim Cikoneng

    Lia Nuralia
    Pubawidya: Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengembangan Arkeologi, 01 July 2016, Vol.1(2), pp.229-248 [Peer Reviewed Journal]
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    Title: Mesjid Cikoneng Anyer Banten: Wujud Akulturasi Masyarakat Muslim Cikoneng
    Author: Lia Nuralia
    Description: Abstrak Mesjid Cikoneng Anyer Banten merupakan hasil penelitian yang menunjukkan gaya arsitektur Indis, yaitu campuran antara gaya arsilektur iradisional Indonesia (lokal) dengan gaya arsitektur Eropa. Unsur budaya lokal cukup dominan, tetapi unsur-unsur budaya lain dapat ditemukan dalam komponen-komponen matcrialnya. Dengan demikian, telah terjadi corak akulturasi budaya pada bangunan mesjid kuno ini. Mesjid ini memiliki keunikan, salah satunya memiliki aiap tumpang bersusun empal (tingkatannya beijumlah genap). scdangkan pada umumnya mesjid kuno di Indonesia memiliki atap tumpang dengan jumlah tingkatan ganjil, tiga atau lima tingkatan. Tulisan ini menggunakan metode penelilian anaiisis deskriptif, artinya mendeskripsikan komponen-komponen bangunan mesjid, kemudian dilakukan anaiisis dan penafsiran. Selain itu, digunakan anaiisis morfologis, anaiisis stilistik, dan anaiisis teknologi bangunan mesjid. Kata Kunci: Mesjid Cikoneng Anyer Banten, akulturasi budaya. bangunan kuno.   Abstract, Cikoneng Anyer Banten mosque is the result of research that shows that the architectural style of Indis. is a mixture of the traditional architectural style of Indonesia (local) in the style of European architecture. Elements of local culture is dominant, but other cultural elements can be found in its material components. Thus, there has been a pattern of acculturation on these ancient mosques. This mosque has a unique, one of which has a four-tiered roof overlap (evert'tnimbered levels), while in general the ancient mosque in Indonesia have overlapping roof with an odd number of levels, three or five levels. This paper uses analytical research methods deshiptik, that describe the components of building a mosque, then performed the analysis and interpretation. In addition, morphological analysis is used, stylistic analysis, and analysis of the mosque building technology. Keywords: Cikoneng Anyer Banlen mosque, acculturation culture, ancient buildings.
    Is part of: Pubawidya: Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengembangan Arkeologi, 01 July 2016, Vol.1(2), pp.229-248
    Identifier: 2252-3758 (ISSN); 2528-3618 (E-ISSN); 10.24164/pw.v1i2.56 (DOI)

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    STRUKUTUR MASYARAKAT PERKEBUNAN ABAD XIX-XX DI EMPLASEMEN LEMAHNEUNDEUT, PERKEBUNAN BATULAWANG

    Lia Nuralia
    Pubawidya: Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengembangan Arkeologi, 01 July 2016, Vol.5(1), pp.29-48 [Peer Reviewed Journal]
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    Title: STRUKUTUR MASYARAKAT PERKEBUNAN ABAD XIX-XX DI EMPLASEMEN LEMAHNEUNDEUT, PERKEBUNAN BATULAWANG
    Author: Lia Nuralia
    Subject: Structure of Plantation Community, Emplasemen Lemahneundeut
    Description: Abstract This paper describes the structure of society plantation century 19-20, the plantation companies Batulawang in Ciamis, West Java. By performing morphological, stylistic, and technology analysis to the colonial buildings of plantation in the Emplacement Lemahneundeut, it can be explained of social classification in plantation society into 3 groups/class, namely the upper class, middle class, and lower class. This is reflected in the shape and style of architecture, the layout of the building, and the layout of the residence. Upper and middle classes occupied by officials plantation originating from European peoples(Netherlands), while the lower class estate occupied by employees (foremen and laborers) derived from the indigenous people (indigenous Indonesian)
    Is part of: Pubawidya: Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengembangan Arkeologi, 01 July 2016, Vol.5(1), pp.29-48
    Identifier: 2252-3758 (ISSN); 2528-3618 (E-ISSN); 10.24164/pw.v5i1.79 (DOI)

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    JEJAK-JEJAK AKTIVITAS BUDAYA KAWASAN PERKEBUNAN CISALAK BARU-BANTARJAYA, KABUPATEN LEBAK THE TRACES OF CULTURAL ACTIVITY IN THE PLANTATIONS OF CISALAK BARU-BANTARJAYA, REGENCY OF LEBAK

    Lia Nuralia
    Pubawidya: Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengembangan Arkeologi, 01 June 2016, Vol.2(1), pp.50-66 [Peer Reviewed Journal]
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    Title: JEJAK-JEJAK AKTIVITAS BUDAYA KAWASAN PERKEBUNAN CISALAK BARU-BANTARJAYA, KABUPATEN LEBAK THE TRACES OF CULTURAL ACTIVITY IN THE PLANTATIONS OF CISALAK BARU-BANTARJAYA, REGENCY OF LEBAK
    Author: Lia Nuralia
    Description: ABSTRACT             This paper aims to provide an overview of the traces of the cultural activity in the Plantations of Cisalak Baru-Bantarjaya, Regency of Lebak. The traces of the cultural activities can be tracked and assessed through some old buildings as the remains of material culture in the site and the surrounding gardens. The assessment is done using survey research methods which are equipped with data collection techniques such as interviews. The achieved results are that there is a variety of old buildings found with architectural of Indies style or Indo European style. Several types of those buildings function as building houses, offices, factories, and others. Meanwhile, the cultural activities that take place are daily activities and economic activities or business plantations. Daily activities are characterized by residential or settlement buildings, while economic activity is indicated by the presence of factories and office buildings.   Keywords: cultural activities, plantations of Cisalak Baru-Bantarjaya,   ABSTRAK             Tulisan ini bertujuan untuk memberi gambarankan tentang jejak-jejak aktivitas budaya di kawasan Perkebunan Cisalak Baru-Bantarjaya, Kabupaten Lebak. Jejak-jejak aktivitas budaya tersebut dapat ditelusuri dan dikaji melalui beberapa bangunan lama sebagai tinggalan budaya material di lokasi kebun dan sekitarnya. Pengkajian dilakukan dengan menggunakan metode penelitian survei dilengkapi dengan teknik pengumpulan data berupa wawancara. Hasil yang dicapai adalah telah ditemukan beragam jenis bangunan lama dengan gaya arsitektur Hindia atau gaya Indo Eropa. Beberapa jenis bangunan tersebut di antaranya berfungsi sebagai rumah tinggal, kantor, pabrik, dan lain-lain. Sementara itu, aktivitas budaya yang terjadi adalah kegiatan keseharian dan kegiatan ekonomi atau bisnis perkebunan. Kegiatan keseharian ditandai dengan adanya bangunan rumah tinggal atau bangunan permukiman, sedangkan kegiatan ekonomi ditunjukkan dengan keberadaan bangunan pabrik dan kantor. Alpha   Kata Kunci : aktivitas budaya, perkebunan Cisalak Baru-Bantarjaya
    Is part of: Pubawidya: Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengembangan Arkeologi, 01 June 2016, Vol.2(1), pp.50-66
    Identifier: 2252-3758 (ISSN); 2528-3618 (E-ISSN)

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    Tinggalan Arkeologis di Pesisir Utara Jawa Bagian Barat dan Kaitannya dengan Perubahan Budaya

    Lia Nuralia
    Pubawidya: Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengembangan Arkeologi, 01 June 2016, Vol.1(1), pp.141-160 [Peer Reviewed Journal]
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    Title: Tinggalan Arkeologis di Pesisir Utara Jawa Bagian Barat dan Kaitannya dengan Perubahan Budaya
    Author: Lia Nuralia
    Description: Abstract Archaeological remains from prehistoric until the colonial period in the northern coastal areas of western Java (Karawang, Subang, Serang), is closely related to changes in the cultures of people. Some of the findings of archaeological objects, including fragments of bone, fragments of pottery, frag­ments of pottery, grave sites, ancient tombs, ancient mosques, colonial build­ings, and so forth. Entering the era of history, the coastal community vjith dis­tinctive cultural character of the coast have been in contact with the outside world or the culture of the immigrants, who have different cultures, through the channels of trade and friendship. By using methods of descriptive and inductive reasoning, based on archaeo­logical objects have been discovered, cultural change occurs due to mixing of two or more cultures (acculturation) and the fusion of one culture into another culture with a voluntary one (assimilation). These cultural changes occurred in various areas of life, whether social, political, economic, and technology.. Kata Kunci: Tinggalan Arkeologis, Masyarakat pesisir, Akulturasi, Asimilasi
    Is part of: Pubawidya: Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengembangan Arkeologi, 01 June 2016, Vol.1(1), pp.141-160
    Identifier: 2252-3758 (ISSN); 2528-3618 (E-ISSN); 10.24164/pw.v1i1.15 (DOI)

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    Traces of the History of South Cisarua Plantation: Archives and Inscription of the Dutch Tomb in Kebon Jahe Cisarua-Bogor, Jawa Barat

    Lia Nuralia
    Kapata Arkeologi, 01 July 2018, Vol.14(1), pp.63-78 [Peer Reviewed Journal]
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    Title: Traces of the History of South Cisarua Plantation: Archives and Inscription of the Dutch Tomb in Kebon Jahe Cisarua-Bogor, Jawa Barat
    Author: Lia Nuralia
    Subject: History Traces ; South Cisarua Plantation ; Archieves ; Dutch Tombs Inscription
    Description: Makam Belanda (kerkhof) dengan inkripsi (prasasti) di Kebon Jahe merupakan sumber data arkeologis, menjadi petunjuk awal untuk penelusuran arsip kolonial sebagi sumber data sejarah. Sumber data sejarah dan arkeologis menjadi satu kolaborasi data yang saling melengkapi, yang dapat menjelaskan keberadaan perkebunan zaman Belanda yang sekarang sudah tidak ada. Apa dan bagaimana kedua sumber data tersebut menjadi bukti penting tentang keberadaan Perkebunan Cisarua Selatan di masa lalu, menjadi permasalahan dalam tulisan ini. Dengan demikian, tulisan ini bertujuan mengungkap jejak sejarah Perkebunan Cisarua Selatan berdasarkan arsip kolonial dan prasasti makam Belanda. Metode yang digunakan adalah metode penelitian arkeologi dengan pendekatan sejarah dan symbolic meaning, yang menerangkan tentang keberadaan Perkebunan Cisarua Selatan di masa lalu, melalui arti inskripsi dan ragam hias makam, serta identitas orang yang dimakamkan melalui sumber arsip Belanda. Hasil yang diperoleh adalah kepastian tentang keberadaan Perkebunan Cisarua Selatan di daerah Cisarua Bogor, dengan bukti fisik berupa tujuh Makam Belanda di Kampung Kebon Jahe, serta dokumen tertulis (rekaman sejarah) dalam Arsip Kolonial Indische Navorsher 1934 dan Staatsblad van Nederlandsch-Indie 1920 No. 72. The Dutch tomb (kerkhof) with the inscription in Kebon Jahe is the source of archaeological data, becoming the initial guidance for searching colonial archives as a source of historical data. The source of historical and archaeological data becomes a collaboration of complementary data, which could explain the existence of a now-defunct Dutch plantation. What and how these two sources of data become important evidence of the existence of South Cisarua Plantation in the past, is a problem in this paper. Thus, this paper aims to reveal traces of the history of South Cisarua Plantation based on colonial archives and inscription of the Dutch tomb. The method used archaeological research with historical approach and symbolic meaning, which explains about the existence of South Cisarua Plantation in the past, through the meaning of inscriptions and decorative graves of the tomb, as well as the identity of people buried through the source of the Dutch archives. The results obtained certainty about the existence of South Cisarua Plantation in Cisarua Bogor area, with physical evidence in the form of seven Dutch Tombs in Kampung Kebon Jahe, as well as written documents as historical record in Colonial Archive of Indische Navorsher 1934 and Staatsblad van Nederlandsch-Indie 1920 No. 72.
    Is part of: Kapata Arkeologi, 01 July 2018, Vol.14(1), pp.63-78
    Identifier: 1858-4101 (ISSN); 2503-0876 (E-ISSN); 10.24832/kapata.v14i1.481 (DOI)

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    Struktur Sosial pada Rumah Pejabat Tinggi Perkebunan Zaman Hindia Belanda di Jawa Bagian Barat

    Lia Nuralia
    Kapata Arkeologi, 01 July 2017, Vol.13(1), pp.1-20 [Peer Reviewed Journal]
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    Title: Struktur Sosial pada Rumah Pejabat Tinggi Perkebunan Zaman Hindia Belanda di Jawa Bagian Barat
    Author: Lia Nuralia
    Subject: Struktur Sosial, Rumah Pejabat Tinggi Perkebunan, Jawa Bagian Barat
    Description: This paper aims to reveal the social structure on the high officials of plantation residence in west part of Java. This paper is based on research reports using archaeological research methods, explaining about the architecture, layout, materials, and technology used to determine the symbolic meaning behind the physical form of the building. Structure concept and non-verbal communication concept can explain that the high officials of plantation residence is a central building in the plantation emplacement. The residence as a symbol of great power, especially in the plantation environment that still exist until now. Tulisan ini bertujuan mengungkap struktur sosial pada rumah pejabat tinggi perkebunan peninggalan zaman Hindia Belanda di Jawa bagian barat. Tulisan ini berdasarkan laporan hasil penelitian yang menggunakan metode penelitian arkeologi, menjelaskan tentang arsitektur, tata letak, bahan, dan teknologi yang digunakan untuk mengetahui makna simbolik dibalik wujud fisik bangunan. Structure concept dan non-verbal communication concept dapat menjelaskan bahwa rumah pejabat tinggi perkebunan merupakan bangunan sentral dalam emplasemen perkebunan. Rumah tersebut sebagai simbol kuasa besar, terutama di lingkungan perkebunan yang masih eksis sampai sekarang.
    Is part of: Kapata Arkeologi, 01 July 2017, Vol.13(1), pp.1-20
    Identifier: 1858-4101 (ISSN); 2503-0876 (E-ISSN); 10.24832/kapata.v13i1.374 (DOI)