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    GUDANG-GUDANG DI KARAWANG: KELETAKAN DAN FUNGSINYA DALAM SEJARAH PERNIAGAAN MASA HINDIA BELANDA The Storehouses In Karawang: Location and Functions On Commerce History in The Netherlands Indie Period

    Libra Hari Inagurasi
    Pubawidya: Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengembangan Arkeologi, 01 June 2014, Vol.3(1), pp.41-52 [Peer Reviewed Journal]
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    Title: GUDANG-GUDANG DI KARAWANG: KELETAKAN DAN FUNGSINYA DALAM SEJARAH PERNIAGAAN MASA HINDIA BELANDA The Storehouses In Karawang: Location and Functions On Commerce History in The Netherlands Indie Period
    Author: Libra Hari Inagurasi
    Description: Abstract This paper attempts to discuss the existence of ancient colonial storehouses in Karawang, which has not been written yet. The storehouse topic in this paper is associated with a local commercial context, which took place in Karawang area and its surrounding areas in the end of the period of the Dutch East Indies. Through this paper, it is successfully revealed that there were two ancient storehouses of past Dutch East Indies in the late 19th century to early 20th century AD. The storehouses are located in Cilamaya and Tanjungbungin. These two storehouses are located on the bank of the Ci Tarum, the trade lane between Tanjungbungin to Batavia, and in Cilamaya station, the trade lane between Cilamaya with Cikampek. The types of essential commodities distributed are for example salt, rice, fish, timber, and lime. The storehouse serves as a storage place for salt, rice, which will be distributed from the Java Sea toward Tanjungbungin, and from Cilamaya to Cikampek. Salt and rice are the kinds of essential commodities for everyday consumption needs. The writing with the storehouse theme in Karawang was completed after going through the stages of the literary search, a description of the old storehouse data, and synthesis of archaeological data with written sources.   Keywords: storehouse, local commerce commodities, Karawang, Nederland Indies   Abstrak Tulisan ini mencoba membahas keberadaan gudang-gudang kuna kolonial di Karawang, yang selama ini belum banyak ditulis. Topik gudang dalam tulisan ini dikaitkan dengan konteks perniagaan lokal, yang berlangsung di wilayah Karawang dengan daerah sekitarnya pada periode akhir Hindia Belanda. Melalui tulisan ini berhasil diungkapkan dua buah gudang kuna dari masa Hindia Belanda pada akhir abad ke-19 hingga awal abad ke-20, yakni gudang di Tanjungbungin dan gudang di Cilamaya. Letak dua buah gudang berada di tepi Ci Tarum, jalur perniagaan antara Tanjungbungin dengan Batavia, dan berada stasiun kereta Cilamaya jalur perniagaan antara Cilamaya dengan Cikampek. Jenis-jenis komoditas penting yang didistribusikan, misalnya, garam,  padi, ikan, kayu, dan kapur. Gudang berfungsi sebagai tempat penyimpanan garam, padi, yang  didistribusikan dari Laut Jawa menuju ke Tanjungbungin, dan dari Cilamaya ke Cikampek. Garam dan padi merupakan jenis-jenis komoditas penting untuk kebutuhan konsumsi sehari-hari. Tulisan bertema gudang di Karawang ini berhasil diselesaikan setelah melalui tahap-tahap penelusuran literatur, deskripsi data gudang kuna, dan sintesa antara data arkeologi dengan sumber tertulis.   Kata kunci: gudang, komoditas perniagaan lokal, Karawang, Hindia  Belanda.
    Is part of: Pubawidya: Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengembangan Arkeologi, 01 June 2014, Vol.3(1), pp.41-52
    Identifier: 2252-3758 (ISSN); 2528-3618 (E-ISSN); 10.24164/pw.v3i1.4 (DOI)

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    ARTI PENTING SITUS-SITUS PELABUHAN KUNA DI KARAWANG, JAWA BARAT, SEBAGAI JALUR TRANSPORTASI

    Libra Hari Inagurasi
    Pubawidya: Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengembangan Arkeologi, 01 January 2017, Vol.5(2), pp.117-132 [Peer Reviewed Journal]
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    Title: ARTI PENTING SITUS-SITUS PELABUHAN KUNA DI KARAWANG, JAWA BARAT, SEBAGAI JALUR TRANSPORTASI
    Author: Libra Hari Inagurasi
    Subject: The Northern Coast of Western Java, Karawang, Harbors, Estuaries, Rivers
    Description: Karawang is a district in West Java province in which the river territory were continuously flowing and  were identified as old  Citarum River and Cilamaya River which lies in the northern part of Java Sea. The Northern coast of Karawang has many gulf estuaries. The existence of port, rivers, and coastal areas in Karawang emerged in the 16th century and in the 17th century as well as on written documents of Portuguese sources, and also from those documents of Vereenigde Oost India Company (VOC).  The Northern coast of Karawang were crowded by navigation of merchant ships and patrol boats. From those facts of course raises the question of where was these ports originated in Karawang. This study aimed to uncover, identify, ancient ports which was located on the northern coast of Karawang based on the written documents, archaeological remains, and its natural environment. By using surveys, interviews, the results of this research found out the significance of the ancient ports were located at the  banks of the Citarum River, the banks of the mouth of a river in Pasir Putih, and Tangkolak River estuary. Those ports function for ships as it landed ashore and also as river transportation mode. Through these ports trading took place, the spread of Islam and also served as ships patrol. By searching through the names on the written documents, as well as ecological and remains, archaeological remains were found, some of which have been investigated functions as ancient ports which was mentioned by De Barros.
    Is part of: Pubawidya: Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengembangan Arkeologi, 01 January 2017, Vol.5(2), pp.117-132
    Identifier: 2252-3758 (ISSN); 2528-3618 (E-ISSN); 10.24164/pw.v5i2.127 (DOI)

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    Komoditas Perdagangan di Pelabuhan Internasional Samudra Pasai pada Masa Dulu dan Masa Kini

    Libra Hari Inagurasi
    Kapata Arkeologi, 01 July 2017, Vol.13(1), pp.21-36 [Peer Reviewed Journal]
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    Title: Komoditas Perdagangan di Pelabuhan Internasional Samudra Pasai pada Masa Dulu dan Masa Kini
    Author: Libra Hari Inagurasi
    Subject: Pelayaran Perdagangan, Samudra Pasai, Komoditas, Masa Dulu, Masa Kini
    Description: Samudra Pasai, the first Islamic kingdom in Indonesia, its existence was influenced by the discovery of the cruise line across the shores from the Red Sea to India, the Malacca Strait to China. The kingdom is located on the edge of Malacca Strait as maritime kingdom developed as a harbor, commercial city, a heaven for traders from all over the world. The center of Samudra Pasai as a commercial city, many commodities are found. This study aims to provide an overview of the various commodities of the Samudra Pasai, through its cultural expression and identification of historical records, and its continuity in the present. Data collection is done through field observation, interview, and literature study. Archaeological, historical, and ethnographic data have been collected rather then analyzed and interpreted. This research reveals types of commodities of the Kingdom of Samudra Pasai, that is foreign commodities, local commodities, and the continuity of local commodities for export in the present. The artifacts of foreign trade commodities  are ceramics, and tombstones. Local trade commodities are pottery, salt, and pepper. Samudra Pasai pottery is allegedly made for storing containers and for dosage units of trade commodities such as pepper and salt. Pepper is a local exported commodity. The making of pottery, salt, and cultivation of pepper in the surroundings Site of the Samudra  Pasai in the present, is an economic activity that is likely to be a continuation of the earlier period, which has culture relationship since the Samudra Pasai period.   Samudra Pasai, Kerajaan Islam pertama di Indonesia, keberadannya dipengaruhi oleh  penemuan  jalur pelayaran melintasi pantai-pantai dari Laut Merah hingga India, Selat Malaka hingga China. Kerajaan ini terletak di tepi Selat Malaka, bercorak  maritim, berkembang sebagai  pelabuhan, kota dagang, tempat persinggahan para pedagang dari berbagai penjuru dunia. Pusat Kota Samudra Pasai memiliki   pelabuhan dan sebagai kota dagang, banyak dijumpai berbagai komoditas. Penelitian ini bertujuan memberikan gambaran mengenai  berbagai  komoditas masa Samudra Pasai, melalui tinggalan budayanya dan identifikasi pada catatan sejarah, serta mencermati kesinambungannya pada masa kini. Pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui tahap  observasi di lapangan, wawancara, dan studi literatur. Data arkeologi, sejarah, dan etnografi yang telah terkumpul dibandingkan, dianalisis dan diinterpretasikan. Penelitian ini telah berhasil  mengungkap jenis-jenis komoditas masa Kerajaan Samudra Pasai, yakni komoditas asing, komoditas lokal, dan kesinambungannya  komoditas lokal untuk ekspor di masa kini. Artefak-artefak komoditas perdagangan asing berupa keramik, dan batu  nisan. Komoditas perdagangan lokal adalah tembikar, garam, dan lada. Tembikar Samudra Pasai diduga dibuat untuk  wadah-wadah menyimpan dan untuk satuan takaran komoditas perdagangan misalnya lada dan garam. Lada merupakan komoditas lokal yang diekspor. Pembuatan tembikar, garam, dan budi daya lada di lingkungan situs Samudra Pasai dan sekitarnya pada masa sekarang, merupakan kegiatan perekonomian, kemungkinan masih kelanjutan dari masa sebelumnya yang memiliki akar budaya sejak  pada masa Samudra Pasai.
    Is part of: Kapata Arkeologi, 01 July 2017, Vol.13(1), pp.21-36
    Identifier: 1858-4101 (ISSN); 2503-0876 (E-ISSN); 10.24832/kapata.v13i1.375 (DOI)

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    DISTRIBUSI HASIL BUMI DI SEMARANG DENGAN WILAYAH SEKITARNYA The Distribution Of Crops In Semarang And Surrounding Area

    Libra Hari Inagurasi
    Pubawidya: Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengembangan Arkeologi, 01 July 2016, Vol.4(1), pp.25-38 [Peer Reviewed Journal]
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    Title: DISTRIBUSI HASIL BUMI DI SEMARANG DENGAN WILAYAH SEKITARNYA The Distribution Of Crops In Semarang And Surrounding Area
    Author: Libra Hari Inagurasi
    Description: Abstract   The scope of this article is within the Dutch-Indie’s colonial period during 19th up to early 20th centuries A.D. The central focus is to re-describe the distribution of natural products as commodities from outside the city of Semarang (Ambarawa, Salatiga, Kendal) to the main destination, Semarang. The targets are economically significant colonial buildings in Semarang and its surrounding areas as the means of distribution. Through surveys, as well as study of old maps and literatures, it is revealed that the remains related to the distribution of sugar, kapok, tea, and coffee that can still be retraced are railway stations, warehouses, sugar factories, kapok/textile factories, and export-import trading offices. The economic network between Semarang and its surrounding areas was and still is a production and distribution network. The position of Semarang was the centre of trade activities, from marketing to export of trade commodities through Semarang harbor. The railway system connected Semarang to the surrounding areas, while the commodities from the plantations were the boosters of economic life of Semarang and the surrounding areas.   Key words: Semarang, outside Semarang, the Dutch Indie, plantation product commodity, railway.     Abstrak   Tulisan ini berada pada lingkup arkeologi kolonial Hindia Belanda pertengahan abad ke-19 hingga awal abad ke-20. Perhatian utama tulisan ini adalah menggambarkan kembali distribusi komoditas hasil-hasil bumi dari daerah luar kota Semarang (Ambarawa, Salatiga, Kendal) menuju daerah tujuan utama distribusi yakni Semarang. Sasarannya adalah bangunan-bangunan kolonial bermakna ekonomi sebagai sarana distribusi komoditas hasil bumi di  Semarang dan wilayah-wilayah di sekitarnya. Melalui survei, penelusuran peta-peta lama, dan penelusuran literatur, diketahui bahwa peninggalan-peninggalan terkait dengan distribusi gula, kapuk, teh, dan kopi yang masih dapat dilacak keberadaannya adalah stasiun-stasiun kereta api, gudang, pabrik gula, pabrik kapuk/tekstil, dan kantor perdagangan ekspor-impor. Jaringan ekonomi antara Semarang dengan wilayah sekitarnya adalah jaringan produksi dan distribusi. Posisi Kota Semarang merupakan pusat aktivitas perdagangan, tempat untuk pemasaran, mengekspor komoditi perdagangan melalui pelabuhan Semarang. Jaringan kereta api menjadi penghubung antara Kota Semarang dengan wilayah-wilayah di sekelilingnya. Komoditi perkebunan menjadi penggerak perekonomian di Semarang dan sekitarnya.   Kata kunci: Semarang, luar kota Semarang, Hindia Belanda, komoditi  perkebunan,  kereta api
    Is part of: Pubawidya: Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengembangan Arkeologi, 01 July 2016, Vol.4(1), pp.25-38
    Identifier: 2252-3758 (ISSN); 2528-3618 (E-ISSN); 10.24164/pw.v4i1.65 (DOI)

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    PERDAGANGAN DI PERTEMUAN SUNGAI KAPUAS DAN TAYAN, SANGGAU, KALIMANTAN BARAT, ABAD KE-19

    Sarjiyanto Sarjiyanto, Libra Hari Inagurasi
    Pubawidya: Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengembangan Arkeologi, 01 August 2018, Vol.7(1), pp.71-88 [Peer Reviewed Journal]
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    Title: PERDAGANGAN DI PERTEMUAN SUNGAI KAPUAS DAN TAYAN, SANGGAU, KALIMANTAN BARAT, ABAD KE-19
    Author: Sarjiyanto Sarjiyanto; Libra Hari Inagurasi
    Subject: The Junction of Kapuas and the Tayan River, Tayan Kingdom, Tayan Island, Upstream – Downstream, Local and Outside Borneo Commodity
    Description: This paper highlights trading activities at the confluence of the Kapuas River and Tayan River, Sanggau District, West Kalimantan. The meeting of two rivers is a strategic location, the river as a traffic lane, where the growth of settlements and the Malay kingdom. The kingdoms of West Kalimantan are generally located around river encounters, such as Sanggau, Tayan, Landak, Meliau, and Sintang. This paper aims to illustrate trade at the confluence of the Kapuas and Tayan Rivers, for example part of the upstream-downstream trading system between the inland and river mouths or coastal waters that rely on streams in the nineteenth century. The problem to be solved is how to conduct trade around river basin especially around meeting of Kapuas River and Tayan River of the 19th century. The methods used are descriptive, analytical, and historical. Through this research successfully revealed the landscape of trading activities, types of commodities, and trading system.
    Is part of: Pubawidya: Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengembangan Arkeologi, 01 August 2018, Vol.7(1), pp.71-88
    Identifier: 2252-3758 (ISSN); 2528-3618 (E-ISSN); 10.24164/pw.v7i1.257 (DOI)