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    HYPERURICEMIA AND THE RELATIONS BETWEEN BLOOD URIC ACID CONCENTRATION, RANDOM BLOOD GLUCOSE AND BMI AMONG ETHNIC POPULATION IN NORTH HALMAHERA

    Fiktor Imanuel Boleu, Jubhar C. Mangimbulude, Ferry F. Karwur
    Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat, 01 July 2018, Vol.9(2), pp.96-106
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    Title: HYPERURICEMIA AND THE RELATIONS BETWEEN BLOOD URIC ACID CONCENTRATION, RANDOM BLOOD GLUCOSE AND BMI AMONG ETHNIC POPULATION IN NORTH HALMAHERA
    Author: Fiktor Imanuel Boleu; Jubhar C. Mangimbulude; Ferry F. Karwur
    Subject: BMI - Uric Acid - North Halmahera
    Description: Background: Studies of hyperuricemia in societies with a particular ethnic background in Indonesia are interestingly studied because they are related to a number of metabolic indicators/diseases but also because of the unique cultural and genetic contribution that may be significant. This study aims to determine the prevalence of hyperuricemia and it is relationship with other metabolic indicators, especially random blood glucose levels (RBS) and body mass index (BMI) among native ethnic communities in North Halmahera. Methods: A total of 240 respondents from 4 native ethnic communities in North Halmahera were included in the study. Determination of respondents (ethnic origin) was through random selection. Respondent’s search was done by identifying the clans representing the family names in each of the ethnic groups in North Halmahera. Data were analyzed using Mann Whitney and Spearman correlation statistics. Results: The prevalence of hyperuricemia is considered high, which is 60% (50,83% male and 69,17% female). Conversely, the prevalence of hyperglycemia is lower with the amount 1,25% (1,67% male and 0,83% female). The prevalence of overweight and obese is respectively 29,17% and 12,50%; with male 30% and 11,67%; and, female 28,33% and 13,33%. There was a positive but not significant correlation between uric acid levels and GDS (r=0.082, ρ=0.207), and there was no significant negative correlation between uric acid levels and BMI in ethnic populations (r=-0.047, ρ=0.468). The relationship between random blood glucose and BMI in all ethnic data showed a positive and significant (r=0.176, ρ=0.006). Conclusions: The prevalence of hyperuricemia (and overweight) among ethnic groups in North Halmahera is very high. Statistically, there is no relationship between levels of RBS and uric acid, as well as the uric acid levels and BMI value in the native ethnic population in North Halmahera. There is a significant positive correlation between the BMI value and the RBS levels.
    Is part of: Jurnal Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat, 01 July 2018, Vol.9(2), pp.96-106
    Identifier: 2086-6380 (ISSN); 2548-7949 (E-ISSN); 10.26553/jikm.2018.9.2.96-106 (DOI)

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    Islamicization Strategies in Kao Ancient Village, North Halmahera

    Wuri Handoko, Muhammad Al Mujabuddawat, Joss Whittaker
    Kapata Arkeologi, 01 July 2018, Vol.14(1), pp.49-62 [Peer Reviewed Journal]
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    Title: Islamicization Strategies in Kao Ancient Village, North Halmahera
    Author: Wuri Handoko; Muhammad Al Mujabuddawat; Joss Whittaker
    Subject: Kao - North Halmahera - Archaeology - Islamicization - Islam Conversion
    Description: Situs permukiman Kampung kuno Kao terletak di pedalaman Halmahera Utara, berdiri di atas tanah yang relatif basah diapit oleh sungai Aer Kalak, Ake Ngoali, dan Ake Jodo dan dikelilingi oleh hutan sagu dan rawa. Kondisi permukiman di situs ini membuatnya memiliki keterbatasan ruang hunian, namun orang-orang yang menghuni Kampung kuno Kao bermukim di wilayah ini dalam jangka waktu yang relatif panjang, yaitu antara 100-200 tahun, dan bahkan tercatat dalam rekam sejarah bahwa wilayah Kao dahulu menjadi penyuplai makanan pokok Ternate. Penelitian ini bersifat deduktif, yaitu menyusun sebuah hipotesa yang kemudian diuji di lapangan. Metode pengumpulan data dalam penelitian ini menggunakan metode observasi lapangan dan ekskavasi arkeologi. Ragam data arkeologi baik artefak maupun tradisi lisan yang diperoleh di lapangan kemudian dianalisa dengan merujuk pada sumber referensi yang relevan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa Situs Kao merupakan permukiman yang cukup maju  dan memiliki peran cukup penting sebagai wilayah pusat Islamisasi di Halmahera. Orang-orang di Kampung kuno Kao tinggal dalam waktu lama di satu lokasi didukung oleh sumber air dan potensi tanah-tanah pertanian menjadikan wilayah Kao sebagai bagian dari jaringan perdagangan yang ramai. Kao menjadi bagian dari strategi dalam penyebaran Islam ke wilayah-wilayah pedalaman lainnya, juga daerah-daerah pesisir di Halmahera Utara. The Kao Ancient Village settlement site is located in the hinterland of North Halmahera, standing on relatively wet ground flanked by the river Aer Kalak, Ake Ngoali, and Ake Jodo and surrounded by sago and swamp forests. The settlement conditions on the site make it limited for residential space, but a community of Kao people settled in this area for a relatively long period of time between 100-200 years and even recorded in history that Kao region is the main food supplier for Ternate in the past. This research conducted surface surveys and limited excavations, then mapped the areas of artifactual findings, and identified patterns of spatial use by analyzing surface features and artifact scatters. Variety of archeological data both artifacts and oral traditions are then analyzed guided by relevant reference sources. The results show that Kao Site is an advanced settlement and has a significant role as the center of Islamicization in Halmahera. The Kao people settled for a long time in one location supported by water sources and the potential of farming lands making the Kao area a part of bustling trade networks. Kao became part of a strategy in spreading Islam to other inland areas, as well as coastal areas in North Halmahera.
    Is part of: Kapata Arkeologi, 01 July 2018, Vol.14(1), pp.49-62
    Identifier: 1858-4101 (ISSN); 2503-0876 (E-ISSN); 10.24832/kapata.v14i1.507 (DOI)

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    SITUS KAMPUNG TUA KAO: Identitas Asal Usul dan Jejak Peradaban Islam di Wilayah Pedalaman Halmahera Utara

    Wuri Handoko, Muhammad Al Mujabuddawat
    Jurnal Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, 01 December 2017, Vol.2(2), pp.150-165
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    Title: SITUS KAMPUNG TUA KAO: Identitas Asal Usul dan Jejak Peradaban Islam di Wilayah Pedalaman Halmahera Utara
    Author: Wuri Handoko; Muhammad Al Mujabuddawat
    Subject: Archaeology, Islamic Civilization, Old Settlement, Kao, North Halmahera, Arkeologi, Peradaban Islam, Perkampungan Tua, Kao, Halmahera Utara
    Description: Tanah Kao as part of Ternate’s Islamic rule is not mentioned in many historical literatures which is dominated by sources about Tobelo in relation to the history of Hibualamo and the Moro Kingdom. However, based on the people’s folklore, it is said that the identity of the origin of North Halmahera community  derives from Telaga Lina in Tanah Kao. Based on the folklore, this research was conducted in the Kampung Tua Kao (Old Settlement Site in Kao). This research reveals the identity of the people who inhabit the Kampung Tua Kao and the traces of Islamic civilization on Kampung Tua Kao by using literature study, field survey, and archaeological excavation. Based on the results of literature studies and previous research there are theories that explain the identity of the origin of the Kao people but entirely derived from Telaga Lina in the Tanah Kao. Based on archaeological survey and excavation in the Kampung Tua Kao, it was found a number of archaeological remains in the form of artifacts and features. The remaining artifacts were found in various fragments of earthenware and foreign ceramics, while the remaining features encountered including a number of ancient tombs, grave tombs, lutur, and mosque poles. Based on these data, this study proves the existence of the Muslim community who has lived and inhabited the Kampung Tua Kao in the past and there are various cultural interactions within the community. Abstrak: Hubungan Tanah Kao dengan kekuasaan Islam Ternate di Halmahera Utara tidak banyak disebutkan dalam berbagai literatur. Sebagian besar literatur menyebut tentang Tobelo dalam kaitannya dengan sejarah Hibualamo dan Kerajaan Moro. Namun, berdasarkan tradisi tutur masyarakat menyebutkan bahwa identitas asal-usul komunitas orang Halmahera Utara berasal dari Telaga Lina di Tanah Kao. Atas dasar tradisi tutur itulah yang menjadi dasar penelitian di Situs Kampung Tua Kao. Penelitian ini mengungkap penelusuran identitas komunitas yang mendiami situs Kampung Tua Kao pada masa lalu dan jejakjejak peradaban Islam di situs Kampung Tua Kao dengan menggunakan metode penelusuran kepustakaan, survei lapangan, dan ekskavasi arkeologi. Hasil penelitian ini mengungkapkan berdasarkan hasil penelusuran pustaka dan penelitian terdahulu terdapat sejumlah teori yang menjelaskan identitas asal-usul komunitas Kao. Namun, apabila dirunut ke belakang semuanya berasal dari Telaga Lina di Tanah Kao. Berdasarkan survei dan ekskavasi arkeologi di situs Kampung Tua Kao ditemukan sejumlah tinggalan arkeologis berupa artefak dan fitur. Tinggalan artefak yang ditemukan antara lain beragam fragmen gerabah dan keramik asing, sedangkan tinggalan fitur yang dijumpai antara lain sejumlah makam kuno, nisan makam, lutur, dan umpak-umpak masjid. Berdasarkan data-data tersebut, penelitian ini membuktikan keberadaan komunitas muslim pernah hidup dan mendiami situs Kampung Tua Kao di masa lalu dan terjadi berbagai interaksi budaya di dalam komunitas tersebut.  
    Is part of: Jurnal Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, 01 December 2017, Vol.2(2), pp.150-165
    Identifier: 2460-8300 (ISSN); 2528-4339 (E-ISSN); 10.24832/jpnk.v2i2.653 (DOI)