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    IN HONOUR OF PROFESSOR ALEŠ SVOBODA

    Adam, Martin
    Discourse and Interaction, 2010, Vol.3(1), pp.113-117 [Peer Reviewed Journal]
    Central and Eastern European Online Library (C.E.E.O.L.)
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    Title: IN HONOUR OF PROFESSOR ALEŠ SVOBODA
    Author: Adam, Martin
    Subject: Language and Literature Studies ; Obituary ; Aleš Svoboda
    Description: On 9 January 2010, Aleš Svoboda, an extraordinary fi gure of European linguistics and a faithful follower of the legacy of the Prague School, passed away at the age of 68. Coincidentally – and symbolically enough – this happened ten years after the death of his great teacher and closest colleague, Professor Jan Firbas. Aleš Svoboda was in his manifold pedagogical and scholarly activities associated with several universities and cities: he studied and repeatedly worked at the Department of English and American Studies at Masaryk University in Brno, restored the Department of English and American Studies at University of Ostrava, newly co-established the Institute of Foreign Languages at Silesian niversity in Opava, and last but not least, meant an immense support for the Institute of British and American Studies at Prešov University.
    Is part of: Discourse and Interaction, 2010, Vol.3(1), pp.113-117
    Identifier: 1802-9930 (ISSN); 1805-952X (E-ISSN)

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    Childhood leukaemia and socioeconomic status: what is the evidence?

    Adam, Martin
    Rebholz, Cornelia E, Egger, Matthias, Zwahlen, Marcel, Kuehni, Claudia E
    Radiation Protection Dosimetry. - 2008/132/2/246-254
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    Title: Childhood leukaemia and socioeconomic status: what is the evidence?
    Author: Adam, Martin
    Contributor: Rebholz, Cornelia E; Egger, Matthias; Zwahlen, Marcel; Kuehni, Claudia E
    Description: The objectives of this systematic review are to summarise the current literature on socioeconomic status (SES) and the risk of childhood leukaemia, to highlight methodological problems and formulate recommendations for future research. Starting from the systematic review of Poole et al. (Socioeconomic status and childhood leukaemia: a review. Int. J. Epidemiol. 2006;35(2):370-384.), an electronic literature search was performed covering August 2002-April 2008. It showed that (1) the results are heterogeneous, with no clear evidence to support a relation between SES and childhood leukaemia; (2) a number of factors, most importantly selection bias, might explain inconsistencies between studies; (3) there is some support for an association between SES at birth (rather than later in childhood) and childhood leukaemia and (4) if there are any associations, these are weak, limited to the most extreme SES groups (the 10-20% most or least deprived). This makes it unlikely that they would act as strong confounders in research addressing associations between other exposures and childhood leukaemia. Future research should minimise case and control selection bias, distinguish between different SES measures and leukaemia subtypes and consider timing of exposures and cancer outcomes
    Linked entry: Radiation Protection Dosimetry. - 2008/132/2/246-254
    Host document: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
    Identifier: 10.1093/rpd/ncn261 (DOI)

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    Microsites Matter: Improving the Success of Rare Species Reintroductions

    Peter W Dunwiddie, R Adam Martin
    PloS one, 01 January 2016, Vol.11(3), p.e0150417 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

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    ON THE PRESENTATIONAL CAPACITY OF THETIC-LIKE SENTENCES

    Adam, Martin
    Discourse and Interaction, 2012, Vol.5(2), pp.5-16 [Peer Reviewed Journal]
    Central and Eastern European Online Library (C.E.E.O.L.)
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    Title: ON THE PRESENTATIONAL CAPACITY OF THETIC-LIKE SENTENCES
    Author: Adam, Martin
    Subject: Language Studies ; Syntax ; FSP ; Presentation ; Scale ; Thetic ; Sentences
    Description: Within the Firbasian framework of the theory of FSP, sentences are understood to implement either the Presentation Scale or the Quality Scale; the author’s research into the area of FSP has recently dealt with the role of the English verb operating in Presentation Scale sentences (Pr-sentences) (Adam 2011, 2012; cf. 2009). In addition to the existential there-construction, it is the configuration of the rhematic subject in preverbal position that seems to convey existence/appearance on the scene most frequently in English (A cruel smile hovered over her face). The present corpus-based paper proposes to shed light on the structure and the function of a rather specific type of Pr-sentences patterning as relatively short structures with a tentatively context-independent subject (The potatoes are boiling). Such sentences functionally resemble statements that came to be labelled as “thetic” or sometimes “all-new sentences” (Mathesius 1975: 87, Firbas 1992: 86-87, cf. Kuroda 1972, Lewis...
    Is part of: Discourse and Interaction, 2012, Vol.5(2), pp.5-16
    Identifier: 1802-9930 (ISSN); 1805-952X (E-ISSN)

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    Prezentační versus kvalifikační škála: interpretace hraničních případů v FSP analýze narativního textu

    Adam, Martin
    Časopis pro moderní filologii, 2014, Vol.96(2), pp.180-195 [Peer Reviewed Journal]
    Central and Eastern European Online Library (C.E.E.O.L.)
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    Title: Prezentační versus kvalifikační škála: interpretace hraničních případů v FSP analýze narativního textu
    Author: Adam, Martin
    Subject: Language and Literature Studies ; Applied Linguistics ; Sociolinguistics ; FSP ; Firbas ; Presentation ; Quality ; Scale ; Verb ; Semantics ; Languages & Literatures
    Description: In the framework of Firbasian theory of functional sentence perspective (FSP), one of the cornerstones of analysis is represented by the distinction of the sentences that implement the Presentation or Quality Scales respectively. The present paper discusses corpus-based borderline cases in which it is difficult to unequivocally identify their functional perspective. The study makes use of both the English original narrative texts (fiction and biblical) and their Czech translation counterparts; such a contrastive approach is adopted to throw light on the dubious cases. In the discussion, the role of individual communicative units as well as the phenomenon of semantic affinity observed between the context-independent subject and the transitional verb is explored against the background of the four FSP factors, viz. context, linear modification, dynamic (and static) semantics, and intonation. The key question is the capacity of verbs to express existence/appearance on the scene with...
    Is part of: Časopis pro moderní filologii, 2014, Vol.96(2), pp.180-195
    Identifier: 0008-7386 (ISSN); 2336-6591 (E-ISSN)

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    EXISTENTIAL THERE-CONSTRUCTION AS A MEANS OF PRESENTATION IN NARRATIVE (A CORPUS-BASED SYNTACTIC-SEMANTIC ANALYSIS)

    Adam, Martin
    Linguistica Pragensia, 2012, Issue 1, pp.1-17 [Peer Reviewed Journal]
    Central and Eastern European Online Library (C.E.E.O.L.)
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    Title: EXISTENTIAL THERE-CONSTRUCTION AS A MEANS OF PRESENTATION IN NARRATIVE (A CORPUS-BASED SYNTACTIC-SEMANTIC ANALYSIS)
    Author: Adam, Martin
    Subject: Language and Literature Studies ; FSP ; Verb ; Existential ; Construction ; Presentation ; Languages & Literatures
    Description: Martin Adam: EXISTENTIAL THERE-CONSTRUCTION AS A MEANS OF PRESENTATION IN NARRATIVE (A CORPUS-BASED SYNTACTIC-SANTIC ANALYSIS) The present paper looks at the role of the English verb operating in Presentation Scale sentences within fiction narrative from the point of view of both dynamic and static semantics. It is a part of a corpus-based research in the area of the sentences implementing the so-called Presentation Scale (Firbas, 1992; Svoboda, 2006), which is predominantly focused on the occurrence and the syntactic-semantic typology of Presentation sentences within narratives and the semantic as well as syntactic character of the English Presentation verb. It examines the most frequent structure that is capable of presenting a new phenomenon on the scene, viz. the existential construction. For the purpose of analysis, C. S. Lewis' The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe is used. Special attention is paid to the syntactic semantic character of the Pr-verbs...
    Is part of: Linguistica Pragensia, 2012, Issue 1, pp.1-17
    Identifier: 0862-8432 (ISSN)

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    The Dramatic Arc of the Theory of FSP: A Tentative Diachronic Excursion

    Adam Martin
    Prague journal of English studies, 01 July 2017, Vol.6(1), pp.127-149 [Peer Reviewed Journal]
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    Title: The Dramatic Arc of the Theory of FSP: A Tentative Diachronic Excursion
    Author: Adam Martin
    Subject: FSP ; Firbas ; Functional Sentence Perspective ; Information Structure ; Languages & Literatures
    Description: The theory of functional sentence perspective (FSP) and its research methods have been considered one of the prominent tools of discourse analysis and information processing. It is widely known that, combining the approaches adopted both by formalists and functionalists, the theory of FSP draws on the findings presented by the scholars of the Prague Circle. The father of FSP himself - Jan Firbas - drew on the findings of his predecessor, Vilem Mathesius, who formulated the basic principles of what was to be labelled FSP only later. Apart from the principal FSP representatives and more recent followers (as a rule associated with Prague or Brno universities), this homage paper overviews somewhat less familiar - yet significant - pioneers in the field of theories of information structure, viz. Henri Weil, Samuel Brassai, Georg von der Gabelentz and Anton Marty. It will discuss some of their writings and achievements that were forming (and inspiring) the theory of FSP.
    Is part of: Prague journal of English studies, 01 July 2017, Vol.6(1), pp.127-149
    Identifier: 2336-2685 (E-ISSN); 10.1515/pjes-2017-0008 (DOI)

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    Persuasion in Religious Discourse: Enhancing Credibility in Sermon Titles and Openings

    Adam, Martin
    Discourse and Interaction, 2017, Vol.10(2), pp.5-25 [Peer Reviewed Journal]
    Central and Eastern European Online Library (C.E.E.O.L.)
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    Title: Persuasion in Religious Discourse: Enhancing Credibility in Sermon Titles and Openings
    Author: Adam, Martin
    Subject: Language and Literature Studies ; Theoretical Linguistics ; Theology and Religion ; Persuasion ; Credibility ; Genre ; Sermon ; Religious
    Description: Since the emergence of the Aristotelian idea of appeal within the framework of his understanding of poetics, the concepts of ethos, pathos, and logos have indicated the essence of what came to be labelled much later as persuasive strategies. Although persuasion seems to be present in virtually all text types and registers, in many ways it is the religious discourse that utilises persuasion as one of its pivotal instruments to convince the audience of the veracity of the doctrine presented through it. The present paper explores scripted sermons, particularly sermon titles and opening passages, in terms of the persuasive strategies employed. The main emphasis is placed on how particular linguistic realisations of persuasion enhance the credibility of the message.
    Is part of: Discourse and Interaction, 2017, Vol.10(2), pp.5-25
    Identifier: 1802-9930 (ISSN); 1805-952X (E-ISSN)

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    ON SOME SPECIAL FSP ASPECTS WITHIN THE NEW TESTAMENT PARABLES (WITH REGARD TO LUKE 15:8–10)

    Adam, Martin
    Linguistica Pragensia, 2010, Issue 2, pp.94-103 [Peer Reviewed Journal]
    Central and Eastern European Online Library (C.E.E.O.L.)
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    Title: ON SOME SPECIAL FSP ASPECTS WITHIN THE NEW TESTAMENT PARABLES (WITH REGARD TO LUKE 15:8–10)
    Author: Adam, Martin
    Subject: Language and Literature Studies ; Parable ; FSP ; Ideology ; Parabola ; Bible ; Languages & Literatures
    Description: The present paper offers an analysis of The Parable of the Lost Coin (Luke 15: 8–10), which is discussed from the point of view of the Firbasian theory of functional sentence perspective (FSP). It looks at three different aspects of the discourse, especially in regard to the ideology and aesthetics employed within verbal realisation of the texts. Previous research has indicated (Firbas, 1995, Svoboda, 2006, Hurtová, 2009; cf. Adam, 2006) that the writer's communicative purpose is typically related to the aesthetic function carried by the text, and determines the writer's communicative strategies. The way the sentence is perspectived seems to determine the communicative purpose of the speaker as well as the conveyance of ideology. Special attention is paid to the phenomena of informational density, interpretative potentiality and aesthetic function implemented within the auctorial communicative strategy, and also to the functional comparison of the structure and function of the...
    Is part of: Linguistica Pragensia, 2010, Issue 2, pp.94-103
    Identifier: 0862-8432 (ISSN)

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    SOME NOTES ON THE INTERFACE OF COMMUNICATIVE DYNAMISM AND PROSODIC PROMINENCE AS CONSTITUENTS OF AUCTORIAL COMMUNICATIVE STRATEGY

    Adam, Martin
    Discourse and Interaction, 2010, Vol.3(2), pp.5-17 [Peer Reviewed Journal]
    Central and Eastern European Online Library (C.E.E.O.L.)
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    Title: SOME NOTES ON THE INTERFACE OF COMMUNICATIVE DYNAMISM AND PROSODIC PROMINENCE AS CONSTITUENTS OF AUCTORIAL COMMUNICATIVE STRATEGY
    Author: Adam, Martin
    Subject: Language and Literature Studies ; Pragmatics ; Theory of Communication ; FSP ; Communicative Dynamism ; Prosodic Prominence ; Communicative Strategy ; Aesthetic Function
    Description: With a few honourable exceptions (most recently Chamonikolasová 2007, 2009 and Headlandová Kalischová 2009, 2010), within the research in the fi eld of the Firbasian theory of functional sentence perspective (FSP), the interplay of factors operating in spoken discourse seems to play a somewhat marginal role. It is its written counterpart that wins the scholars’ attention most of the time. The present paper deals with a functional comparison of the distribution of the degrees of communicative dynamism (CD) and that of the degrees of prosodic prominence (PP) in spoken discourse, their interplay, and its possible (aesthetic) effects. Drawing above all on the fi ndings presented by Firbas, the author discusses the results of his own investigation into the area of FSP based on an authentic short text sample. Research has shown (Firbas 1995, Svoboda 2006, Adam 2009, Hurtová 2009) that the author’s communicative purpose is typically related to the aesthetic function carried by the text...
    Is part of: Discourse and Interaction, 2010, Vol.3(2), pp.5-17
    Identifier: 1802-9930 (ISSN); 1805-952X (E-ISSN)