Title: The Creation of a Fourth-Century Witness to the Andreas Text Type: A Misreading in the Apocalypse's Textual History Author:Hernández, Juan Scale:
Subject:Articles; Andreas Text Type; Apocalypse; Codex Sinaiticus; Josef Schmid; Scribes/correctors; Textual History Description:
The publication of Josef Schmid's landmark work on the textual history of the Apocalypse seemingly established the Andreas Text Type as a fourth-century product. The primary evidence for Schmid's claim came from the fourth-century corrections of the Apocalypse in Codex Sinaiticus, corrections which bore a close resemblance to the Andreas text of the Apocalypse. Schmid's reconstruction, however, is flawed. The fourth-century corrections he identified are actually from the seventh century. The data supporting a fourth-century Andreas text type does not exist. Schmid's widely influential error appears to have been based on a misreading of Milne and Skeat's Scribes and Correctors of the Codex Sinaiticus .
Is part of:
New Testament Studies, 2014, Vol.60(1), pp.106-120
0028-6885 (ISSN); 1469-8145 (E-ISSN); 10.1017/S0028688513000271 (DOI)
Social networks, market transactions, and reputation as a central resource. The Mercado del Mar, a fish market in central Mexico
Pedroza-Gutiérrez, Carmen, Hernández, Juan M
PLoS ONE, 2017, Vol.12(10)
[Peer Reviewed Journal]
Title: A Scribal Solution to a Problematic Measurement in the Apocalypse Author:Hernández, Juan Scale:
Subject:Rev 21.17; Itacistic Spelling; Early Exegesis Description:
Orthographic variation within the manuscripts of the Greek NT is seldom a cause célèbre beyond the ranks of diehard textual critics. Even among these most will concede that orthographic irregularities amount to little more than evidence of scribal incompetency or inconsistency in their spelling practices. To find the same word both spelled correctly and misspelled within a single manuscript by the same scribe is not uncommon. It approaches the norm. The critical editions of our Greek NTs have therefore opted, on good grounds, to exclude textual variants displaying non-standardized spelling. To include them would make it impossible for anyone to use the critical apparatuses in a meaningful way. The deluge of senseless errors would drown out variants of demonstrable textual significance.
Is part of:
New Testament Studies, 2010, Vol.56(2), pp.273-278
0028-6885 (ISSN); 1469-8145 (E-ISSN); 10.1017/S002868850999018X (DOI)
Title: Impact of chronic and pulse dilution disturbances on metabolism and trophic structure in a saline Mediterranean stream Author:Gutiérrez-Cánovas, Cayetano; Hernández, Juan; Millán, Andrés; Velasco, Josefa Subject:Global change ; Food webs ; Functional feeding groups ; Autotrophic ecosystems ; Stable isotopes ; Basin management Description:
Predicting the consequences of global change involves investigating the mechanisms by which anthropogenic stress modifies ecosystem function. In this sense, naturally stressed ecosystems provide a new framework to test hypotheses in such a context. Here, we use a saline stream (Rambla Salada, SE Spain) as a study case to test the general hypothesis that chronic stress has stronger impacts on metabolism and trophic structure than pulse disturbances. We compared two reaches differing in the persistence of dilution stress over the course of 2 years: the chronically disturbed reach was subject to persistent dilution (chronic disturbance) by freshwater inputs from surrounding irrigated crops and presented a dense stand of the common reed Phragmites australis ; and the reference reach , which presented pristine conditions. During the first study year, both reaches were affected by several freshwater inputs due to a diversion channel break (pulse disturbance) that significantly decreased conductivity. During the second year, conductivity recovered to mean pre-pulse disturbance levels. Pulse dilution disturbance had no significant effect on production:respiration ratios ( P / R ), although predator biomasses increased. However, chronic dilution significantly decreased P / R values as well as consumer and producer biomasses. Dilution disturbances had no significant effects on the relative importance of the different functional feeding groups. Isotopic signatures revealed that macroinvertebrates in both reaches relied upon aquatic autotrophs, despite the common reed inputs at the chronically disturbed reach . In summary, this study highlights the relevance of stress persistence and the usefulness of functional measures when aiming to predict disturbance effects. Thus, whilst pulse disturbances had minor effects on ecosystem function, chronic dilution produced biomass depletion and a change from an autotrophic to a heterotrophic ecosystem.
Is part of:
Hydrobiologia, 2012, Vol.686(1), pp.225-239
0018-8158 (ISSN); 1573-5117 (E-ISSN); 10.1007/s10750-012-1004-5 (DOI)
The Relevance of Andrew of Caesarea for New Testament Textual Criticism
Journal of Biblical Literature, 1 April 2011, Vol.130(1), pp.183-196
[Peer Reviewed Journal]