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    Non-separability and substitutability among water pollutants: evidence from India

    Kumar, Surender, Managi, Shunsuke
    Environment and Development Economics, 2011, Vol.16(6), pp.709-733 [Peer Reviewed Journal]
    Cambridge University Press
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    Title: Non-separability and substitutability among water pollutants: evidence from India
    Author: Kumar, Surender; Managi, Shunsuke
    Scale: 2011
    Series: 20110831
    Subject: Economic Development ; Environmental Policy ; Water Pollution ; India ; Environmental Policy ; Cost ; Article ; Economic Conditions and Policy - Economic Policy, Planning, and Development ; Environment and Environmental Policy - Ecology and Environmental Policy ; Environment and Environmental Policy - Pollution and Environmental Degradation ; Economic Conditions and Policy - Economic Theory;
    Description: Abstract The design and implementation of environmental policy often involve more than one pollutant, and must consider pollution as a byproduct of the production of marketable output. In this paper, we test the implicit assumption in the empirical literature that (1) production of marketable output, pollution and abatement are separable, and (2) different pollutants can be abated separately. Using unique plant-level data in India, we reject the null hypotheses of separability between marketable output and pollutants, and between different pollutants. Firms must incur abatement costs for reducing pollution levels. In addition, complement and substitute relationships between water pollutants are demonstrated with statistical significance.
    Former: 20112011120831
    Is part of: Environment and Development Economics, 2011, Vol.16(6), pp.709-733
    Arrangement: 201112
    Identifier: 1355-770X (ISSN); 1469-4395 (E-ISSN); 10.1017/S1355770X11000283 (DOI)

    • Several versions

    Type 1 diabetes mellitus-common cases

    Kumar, Surender
    Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism, 2015, Vol.19 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

    • Several versions

    Movement Protein of Cucumber Mosaic Virus Associates with Apoplastic Ascorbate Oxidase

    Kumari, Reenu, Kumar, Surender, Singh, Lakhmir, Hallan, Vipin
    PLoS ONE, 2016, Vol.11(9) [Peer Reviewed Journal]

    • Several versions

    Molecular characterization of a novel cryptic virus infecting pigeonpea plants

    Kumar, Surender, Subbarao, Burra L, Kumari, Reenu, Hallan, Vipin
    PLoS ONE, 2017, Vol.12(8) [Peer Reviewed Journal]

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    Crime and Economic Growth: Evidence from India

    Kumar, Surender
    IDEAS Working Paper Series from RePEc, 2013
    © ProQuest LLC All rights reserved, ABI/INFORM Global, ABI/INFORM Global (Alumni edition), Publicly Available Content Database, ABI/INFORM Complete, ProQuest Central, ABI/INFORM Collection (Alumni edition), ProQuest Business Collection, Business Premium Collection, Business Premium Collection (Alumni edition), ProQuest Central (new), ProQuest Central Korea, ProQuest Central Essentials, ProQuest One Academic
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    Title: Crime and Economic Growth: Evidence from India
    Author: Kumar, Surender
    Subject: Ideas.Repec.Org/P/Pra/Mprapa/48794.Html
    Description: This paper empirically examines the causality between crime rates and economic growth using state level data in India. A reduced form equation has been estimated using instrumental variable approach to correct for joint endogeneity between crime and economic growth. Higher crimes may reduce level of per capita income and its growth rate. Controlling intentional homicide and robbery rates in each of the states to the minimum level they observed during 1991-2011 period, the predicted annual growth in per capita income could have been higher by 1.57 and 1.2 percentage points, respectively. The average annual gain in growth rate by bringing down the homicide rate at a level of national minimum could be 0.62 percentage points. Note that the loss in growth rate is lower or negative in the states that have higher per capita income.
    Is part of: IDEAS Working Paper Series from RePEc, 2013

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    Comprehensive wealth and sustainable development in India

    Kumar, Surender
    IDEAS Working Paper Series from RePEc, 2013
    © ProQuest LLC All rights reserved, ABI/INFORM Global, ABI/INFORM Global (Alumni edition), Publicly Available Content Database, ABI/INFORM Complete, ProQuest Central, ABI/INFORM Collection (Alumni edition), ProQuest Business Collection, Business Premium Collection, Business Premium Collection (Alumni edition), ProQuest Central (new), ProQuest Central Korea, ProQuest Central Essentials, ProQuest One Academic
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    Title: Comprehensive wealth and sustainable development in India
    Author: Kumar, Surender
    Subject: Ideas.Repec.Org/P/Pra/Mprapa/43809.Html
    Description: Sustainable development requires that the per capita productive base or comprehensive wealth of an economy should, at least, not decline over the period of time. This study provides estimates of the growth rate of per capita comprehensive wealth for the Indian economy for the period 1991-2006. The growth rate of per capita comprehensive wealth is estimated to be 4.39 percent whereas the growth rate of per capita GDP is 4.42 percent. We find that though the growth rate of manufactured and human capital has been more than enough to offset the decline in natural assets, thereby leading to an improvement in the productive base of the economy, the growing resource and energy use intensity remains an issue of major concern.
    Is part of: IDEAS Working Paper Series from RePEc, 2013

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    Corporate Environmental Management and Environmental Efficiency

    Khanna, Madhu, Kumar, Surender
    Environmental and Resource Economics, 2011, Vol.50(2), pp.227-242 [Peer Reviewed Journal]
    Springer Science & Business Media B.V.
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    Title: Corporate Environmental Management and Environmental Efficiency
    Author: Khanna, Madhu; Kumar, Surender
    Subject: Environmental management systems ; Environmental efficiency ; Directional distance function ; Toxic releases
    Description: This paper examines the potential of environmental management systems (EMSs) to provide opportunities for reducing toxic releases cost-effectively and increasing environmental efficiency of a sample of S&P 500 firms. We use directional distance function to estimate firm-specific environmental efficiency. A truncated regression model with bootstraping is then estimated to analyze the determinants of the environmental efficiency of firms. The analysis shows that the comprehensiveness of an EMS, pressures to reduce toxic releases cost-effectively, innovativeness of firms and the threat of costly regulations in the future lead firms to become more environmental efficient. Regression results indicate that increasing the comprehensiveness of EMS by adopting one additional practice benefits the average firm by approximately US$ 35.5 million by increasing its environmental efficiency by 0.3%.
    Is part of: Environmental and Resource Economics, 2011, Vol.50(2), pp.227-242
    Identifier: 0924-6460 (ISSN); 1573-1502 (E-ISSN); 10.1007/s10640-011-9469-7 (DOI)

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    Does environmental performance improve market valuation of the firm: evidence from Indian market

    Kumar, Surender, Shetty, Shivananda
    Environmental Economics and Policy Studies, 2018, Vol.20(2), pp.241-260 [Peer Reviewed Journal]
    Springer Science & Business Media B.V.
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    Title: Does environmental performance improve market valuation of the firm: evidence from Indian market
    Author: Kumar, Surender; Shetty, Shivananda
    Subject: Market value ; Pollution index ; Resource use index ; Voluntary environmental programs ; India
    Description: Current regulatory mechanism is costly and ineffective due to weak enforcement of environmental standards in India. Harnessing the capabilities of capital markets could be a better strategy for environment friendly economic growth. Therefore, the paper aims to examine a relationship between a firm’s environmental performance and its market valuation. The study uses market value as an indicator of the financial performance using the Ohlson (Contemp Account Res 11:661–687, 1995) model, which is a better indicator in an emerging economy compared to Tobin - q and is free from the biases that Tobin - q suffers from. The study finds a positive relationship between the number of voluntary environment program implemented by a firm and its market value and significant negative relationship between a firm’s market value and pollution index. However, the relationship between resource use index and market value is not found to be statistically significant. The study indicates that India could harness the power of capital markets for improving industrial environmental performance.
    Is part of: Environmental Economics and Policy Studies, 2018, Vol.20(2), pp.241-260
    Identifier: 1432-847X (ISSN); 1867-383X (E-ISSN); 10.1007/s10018-017-0192-7 (DOI)

    • Several versions

    Metabolites change in Jatropha plants due to seed treatment with rhizobacteria and Rhizoctonia bataticola

    Kumar, Surender, Sharma, Sushil
    Annals of Forest Research, 2013, Vol.56(2), p.389 [Peer Reviewed Journal]

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    Does modernization improve performance: evidence from Indian police

    Kumar, Surender, Kumar, Sudesh
    European Journal of Law and Economics, 2015, Vol.39(1), pp.57-77 [Peer Reviewed Journal]
    Springer Science & Business Media B.V.
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    Title: Does modernization improve performance: evidence from Indian police
    Author: Kumar, Surender; Kumar, Sudesh
    Subject: Police ; Performance measurement ; Modernization ; Stochastic frontier analysis ; India
    Description: This paper aims to measure the role of police modernization scheme in its performance in crime repression. We use output distance function as an analytical tool and estimate it using stochastic frontier analysis framework in a ‘single stage’. We find that the police modernization scheme is helping the state police departments in enhancing their performance, i.e., the police departments which have more modern communication equipments and which are spending more money on the training of their police personnel are doing better. The police density is found to be one of the major determinants of its efficiency along with the factors that creates more social cohesion. The total factor productivity is governed by the catch-up effect which is worsening over time though the technological progress has been observed in most of the states.
    Is part of: European Journal of Law and Economics, 2015, Vol.39(1), pp.57-77
    Identifier: 0929-1261 (ISSN); 1572-9990 (E-ISSN); 10.1007/s10657-013-9392-1 (DOI)