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A review of financial instruments to pay for predator conservation and encourage human-carnivore coexistence.
Dickman, Amy J, Macdonald, Ewan A, Macdonald, David W
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, August 23, 2011, Vol.108(34), pp.13937-13944
[Revue évaluée par les pairs]
Titre: Projecting introgression from domestic cats into European wildcats in the Swiss Jura Auteur:Quilodrán, Claudio S.; Nussberger, Beatrice; Macdonald, David W.; Montoya Burgos, Juan Ignacio; Currat, Mathias Date:
- Approximate Bayesian computation
- Invasive species
- Spatially explicit simulations Description:
Hybridization between wild and domesticated organisms is a worldwide conservation issue. In the Jura Mountains, threatened European wildcats (Felis silvestris) have been demographically spreading for approximately the last 50 years, but this recovery is coupled with hybridization with domestic cats (Felis catus). Here, we project the pattern of future introgression using different spatially explicit scenarios to model the interactions between the two species, including competition and different population sizes. We project the fast introgression of domestic cat genes into the wildcat population under all scenarios if hybridization is not severely restricted. If the current hybridization rate and population sizes remain unchanged, we expect the loss of genetic distinctiveness between wild and domestic cats at neutral nuclear, mitochondrial and Y chromosome markers in one hundred years. However, scenarios involving a competitive advantage for wildcats and a future increase in the wildcat population size project a slower increase in introgression. We recommend that future studies assess the fitness of these hybrids and better characterize their ecological niche and their ecological interactions with parental species to elucidate effective conservation measures.
Fait partie de:
Evolutionary Applications, 2020
Guide complet des mammifères de France et d'Europe : plus de 200 espèces terrestres et aquatiques / David W. Macdonald, Priscilla Barrett
Auteur:MacDonald, David W Contributeur:Barrett, Priscilla Edition:
Paris : Delachaux et Niestlé
304 p. : ill.
Traduit de: Collins field guide to the mammals of Britain & Europe
Classification:LC QL703.EU Identifiant:
2603013610 (ISBN) No RERO:
Rescued wildlife in China remains at risk
Zhou, Zhao-Min, Newman, Chris, Buesching, Christina D, Macdonald, David W, Zhou, Youbing
Science (New York, N.Y.), 02 September 2016, Vol.353(6303), pp.999
[Revue évaluée par les pairs]
Titre: review of the interactions between free-roaming domestic dogs and wildlife Auteur:Hughes , Joelene; Macdonald , David W. Sujet:Experts ; Human Health ; Biodiversity ; Dogs ; Disease Transmission ; Carnivores ; Predation ; Wildlife ; Biologists ; Domestic Animals ; Databases ; Human Population ; Islands ; Social Benefit ; Economics ; Hybridization ; Rabies Description:
Negative impacts from the presence of domestic animals pose particular issues for biodiversity conservation as they are intimately tied to the economic, social and political values of local people, requiring interdisciplinary cooperation for successful outcomes. Despite domestic dogs being widespread there is little information on the scale and scope of any conservation problems they may cause. Dog management is already carried out by human health and welfare groups in order to improve welfare and reduce disease spread, primarily rabies. By reviewing information about interactions between dogs and wildlife, this paper aims to provide a clear summary of current knowledge and facilitate interdisciplinary collaboration between conservation biologists and other experts. Data from dog population and human population studies indicate that the global domestic dog population abundance is over 700 million. Studies on interactions between free-roaming dogs and wildlife were gathered from searches of seven online databases and other sources. In total, 69 peer-reviewed studies were found. The wildlife taxon mainly studied was mammals (78%) and the main interaction recorded was predation by domestic dogs, followed by disease transmission, wildlife disturbance, hybridization and predation of dogs by wild carnivores. Conservation issues with domestic dogs were recorded from around the world, both on islands and continents. Suggestions of solutions were limited, or not offered, beyond extermination which, given the close relationship between local people and dogs, may not often be appropriate. We propose some steps that will aid cooperation between conservationists and other sectors and enhance the effectiveness of conservation activities. ; p. 341-351.
Fait partie de:
Biological conservation, 2013, Vol.157, pp.341-351