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  • Article
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    Dwoskin, centripetal and centrifugal

    Martin, Adrian
    Screen, 2016, Vol. 57(1), pp.74-79 [Revue évaluée par les pairs]
    Oxford University Press
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    Titre: Dwoskin, centripetal and centrifugal
    Auteur: Martin, Adrian
    Sujet: Dwoskin, Stephen - Film Directors - Experimental Films - Influences - Collaboration - Creative Processes - Narrative Style;
    Description: The question of collaboration is central to the cinema - cinema understood in the broadest possible sense as found, shaped and achieved across all available media - of Stephen Dwoskin. He collaborated frequently, with artists such as Robert Kramer, Boris Lehman or Keja Ho Kramer, in codirected projects or exchanges of video letters; the process seemed to come naturally to him. With Dwoskin there is very little of the fraught drama of crossed wires and mismatched perceptions that emerges (and is painfully documented) in many records of artistic collaboration - whether (in music) between Lou Reed and John Cale, or (in film) between Michelangelo Antonioni and Wim Wenders, or (in digital video) between Víctor Erice and Abbas Kiarostami. Dwoskin clearly displayed an easygoing, give-and-take approach to collaboration. He enjoyed and made the most of back-and-forth, call-and-response games between different pieces of work generated, across the temporal span of a project, by different hands and different minds. The discrepancies between varying personalities and viewpoints arranged as an audiovisual montage or collage were generative and fascinating to him. There is a profound sense, in fact, in which almost every audiovisual piece ever made by Dwoskin has, at its base, a collaboration. When he filmed one of his many intimate portraits (usually of women), improvizing scenes and moments with them, there arises an unpredictable, volatile encounter between the filmmaker and his subject - a moment-to-moment 'performance of the self' by the person framed that is met with an ever-shifting, observing, reframing response from Dwoskin.
    Fait partie de: Screen, 2016, Vol. 57(1), pp.74-79
    Identifiant: 0036-9543 (ISSN); 1460-2474 (E-ISSN); 10.1093/screen/hjw010 (DOI)

  • Article
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    Assessing the contribution of ecosystem services to human wellbeing: A disaggregated study in western Rwanda

    Dawson, Neil, Martin, Adrian
    Ecological Economics, September 2015, Vol.117, pp.62-72 [Revue évaluée par les pairs]
    ScienceDirect (Elsevier B.V.)
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    Titre: Assessing the contribution of ecosystem services to human wellbeing: A disaggregated study in western Rwanda
    Auteur: Dawson, Neil; Martin, Adrian
    Sujet: Ecosystem Services - Environmental Values - Cultural Services - Social-Ecological Systems - Human Wellbeing - Landscape Ecology
    Description: Lack of attention to social complexity has created a gap between current ecosystem service research and the kind of insights needed to inform ecosystem management in the tropics. To contribute to closing this gap, this study applies a methodology for exploring complex linkages between ecosystem services and human wellbeing. This builds on emerging frameworks for studying multiple dimensions of human wellbeing, drawing on Amartya Sen's capabilities approach to human development. The approach is applied to an empirical case study of three sites adjacent to native tropical forest in western Rwanda. The value of exploring social complexity in ecosystem services research is illustrated through its contribution to understanding a) different types of values; b) disaggregation of people; c) power relations and their influence on trade-offs; d) the importance of multiple land use types in the landscape; and e) changes and their drivers at multiple scales. The analysis reveals that the majority of services valued by forest-adjacent Rwandan inhabitants are not provided by tropical forests but by other habitats. We suggest that more integrated landscape governance may offer synergistic opportunities for conservation and development. •Multidimensional wellbeing approach applied in forest landscapes in rural Rwanda•Shows contribution of disaggregated social analysis towards joint social and ecological goals•Analysis focuses on complexity regarding values, people, power, landscapes and change•Key services valued by surrounding populations not provided by tropical forests•Conservation and development synergy possible by integrated landscape planning
    Fait partie de: Ecological Economics, September 2015, Vol.117, pp.62-72
    Identifiant: 0921-8009 (ISSN); 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2015.06.018 (DOI)

  • Article
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    Green Revolution in Sub-Saharan Africa: Implications of Imposed Innovation for the Wellbeing of Rural Smallholders

    Dawson, Neil, Martin, Adrian, Sikor, Thomas
    World Development, February 2016, Vol.78, pp.204-218 [Revue évaluée par les pairs]
    ScienceDirect (Elsevier B.V.)
    Disponible
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    Titre: Green Revolution in Sub-Saharan Africa: Implications of Imposed Innovation for the Wellbeing of Rural Smallholders
    Auteur: Dawson, Neil; Martin, Adrian; Sikor, Thomas
    Sujet: Sub-Saharan Africa - Malthusian Trap - Agricultural Modernization - Impact Assessment - Policy Framing - Rwanda
    Description: •Critical analysis of modern “Green Revolution” agricultural policies in Rwanda.•Mixed methods study to assess wellbeing and policy impacts on rural households.•Policy framing, governance, and deficient assessment overlook considerable impacts.•Imposed changes impede subsistence, diminish tenure, and exacerbate inequality.•Mitigation/adaptation recommended to support pro-poor tenure and cultural practice. Green Revolution policies are again being pursued to drive agricultural growth and reduce poverty in Sub-Saharan Africa. However conditions have changed since the well-documented successes of the 1960s and 1970s benefitted smallholders in southern Asia and beyond. We argue that under contemporary constraints the mechanisms for achieving improvements in the lives of smallholder farmers through such policies are unclear and that both policy rationale and means of governing agricultural innovation are crucial for pro-poor impacts. To critically analyze Rwanda’s Green Revolution policies and impacts from a local perspective, a mixed methods, multidimensional wellbeing approach is applied in rural areas in mountainous western Rwanda. Here Malthusian policy framing has been used to justify imposed rather than “induced innovation”. The policies involve a substantial transformation for rural farmers from a traditional polyculture system supporting subsistence and local trade to the adoption of modern seed varieties, inputs, and credit in order to specialize in marketable crops and achieve increased production and income. Although policies have been deemed successful in raising yields and conventionally measured poverty rates have fallen over the same period, such trends were found to be quite incongruous with local experiences. Disaggregated results reveal that only a relatively wealthy minority were able to adhere to the enforced modernization and policies appear to be exacerbating landlessness and inequality for poorer rural inhabitants. Negative impacts were evident for the majority of households as subsistence practices were disrupted, poverty exacerbated, local systems of knowledge, trade, and labor were impaired, and land tenure security and autonomy were curtailed. In order to mitigate the effects we recommend that inventive pro-poor forms of tenure and cooperation (none of which preclude improvements to input availability, market linkages, and infrastructure) may provide positive outcomes for rural people, and importantly in Rwanda, for those who have become landless in recent years. We conclude that policies promoting a Green Revolution in Sub-Saharan Africa should not all be considered to be pro-poor or even to be of a similar type, but rather should be the subject of rigorous impact assessment. Such assessment should be based not only on consistent, objective indicators but pay attention to localized impacts on land tenure, agricultural practices, and the wellbeing of socially differentiated people.
    Fait partie de: World Development, February 2016, Vol.78, pp.204-218
    Identifiant: 0305-750X (ISSN); 10.1016/j.worlddev.2015.10.008 (DOI)

  • Article
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    Why Should Ecosystem Services Be Governed to Support Poverty Alleviation? Philosophical Perspectives on Positions in the Empirical Literature

    Lehmann, Ina, Martin, Adrian, Fisher, Janet A.
    Ecological Economics, July 2018, Vol.149, pp.265-273 [Revue évaluée par les pairs]
    ScienceDirect (Elsevier B.V.)
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    Titre: Why Should Ecosystem Services Be Governed to Support Poverty Alleviation? Philosophical Perspectives on Positions in the Empirical Literature
    Auteur: Lehmann, Ina; Martin, Adrian; Fisher, Janet A.
    Sujet: Ecosystem Services - Poverty Alleviation - Justice - Sufficientarianism - Egalitarianism - Participation
    Description: In light of trade-offs related to the allocation of ecosystem services we investigate the prevalent norms that are drawn upon to justify why ecosystem governance should prioritise poverty alleviation. We are specifically concerned with poverty alleviation because we consider this an urgent problem of justice. We review empirical literature on social trade-offs in ecosystem services governance in order to identify the prevalent conceptions of justice that inform scholarly assessments of current practice. We find that empirical studies do present specific notions of justice as desirable benchmarks for ecosystem services governance but that they rarely attempt to spell out the precise meaning of these notions or what makes them desirable. For those notions of justice that we identify in this literature - sufficientarianism, egalitarianism and participatory approaches - we draw on philosophical justice literature in order to better articulate the normative arguments that could support them and to be more precise about the kind of actions and expectations that they invoke. Moreover, we point to some striking normative silences in the ecosystem services literature. We conclude that the ecosystem services justice discourse would benefit from more conceptual clarity and a broader examination of different aspects of justice. •Justice norms in empirical studies on ecosystem services governance are investigated.•Justice receives little attention in scholarly work on ecosystem services.•Sufficientarianism, egalitarianism and participation are key benchmarks.
    Fait partie de: Ecological Economics, July 2018, Vol.149, pp.265-273
    Identifiant: 0921-8009 (ISSN); 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2018.03.003 (DOI)

  • Livre
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    Just conservation : biodiversity, well-being and sustainability

    Martin, Adrian
    London ; New York : Routledge is an imprint of the Taylor & Francis Group, an Informa Business, [2017]
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    Titre: Just conservation : biodiversity, well-being and sustainability / Adrian Martin
    Auteur: Martin, Adrian
    Editeur: London ; New York : Routledge is an imprint of the Taylor & Francis Group, an Informa Business, [2017]
    Collation: 199 p.
    Collection: Earthscan conservation and development series
    Documents dans cette collection: Earthscan conservation and development series
    Sujet LCSH: Biodiversity - Conservation of natural resources -- Social aspects - Environmental protection -- Social aspects - Sustainable development -- Social aspects
    Note: Includes bibliographical references and index
    Classification: heid 574
    ge-heid 574 HEIA 118970
    Identifiant: 9781138788589 (hbk) (ISBN); 9781138788596 (pbk) (ISBN)
    No RERO: R008676365
    Permalien:
    http://data.rero.ch/01-R008676365/html?view=GE_V1

  • Article
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    Tracey Moffatt's Australia (a reconnaissance)

    Martin, Adrian
    In: Parkett. - Zürich. - 53, septembre 1998, pp. 20-35
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    Titre: Tracey Moffatt's Australia (a reconnaissance) / Adrian Martin
    Auteur: Martin, Adrian
    Publication en relation: In: Parkett. - Zürich. - 53, septembre 1998, pp. 20-35
    Document hôte: Parkett : Kunstzeitschrift = art magazine
    Note: Textes en allemand et en anglais
    Classification: cdu-head 7(05) PARKETT/53
    head-artiste Moffatt Tracey
    No RERO: R005328505
    Permalien:
    http://data.rero.ch/01-R005328505/html?view=GE_V1

  • Plusieurs versions

    Mixotrophic basis of Atlantic oligotrophic ecosystems

    Hartmann, Manuela, Grob, Carolina, Tarran, Glen A, Martin, Adrian P, Burkill, Peter H, Scanlan, David J, Zubkov, Mikhail V
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 10 April 2012, Vol.109(15), pp.5756-60 [Revue évaluée par les pairs]

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    Titre: White dwarfs : advances in observation and theory : [proceedings of the NATO Advanced Research Workshop, eighth European Workshop on White Dwarfs, Leicester, July 20-24, 1992] / ed. by Martin A. Barstow
    Auteur: Barstow, Martin Adrian
    Editeur: Dordrecht ; Boston : Kluwer
    Date: [1993]
    Collation: XIX, 573 p. : ill. ; 25 cm
    Collection: NATO ASI Series. Series C ; Vol. 403
    Documents dans cette collection: NATO ASI Series : advanced science institutes series. Series C, Mathematical and physical sciences
    Sujet RERO: observation astronomique - Naines blanches - [Actes de congrès]
    Congrès: European Workshop on White Dwarfs (8 : 1992 : Leicester)
    Classification: ge-obs 23.43
    ge-usob 23.43 WHI 8
    Identifiant: 0792323327 (ISBN)
    No RERO: 1786201
    Permalien:
    http://data.rero.ch/01-1786201/html?view=GE_V1

  • Livre
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    Extreme ultraviolet astronomy

    Barstow, Martin Adrian
    Holberg, Jay
    Cambridge ; New York [etc.] : Cambridge University Press
    2003
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    Titre: Extreme ultraviolet astronomy / Martin A. Barstow, Jay B. Holberg
    Auteur: Barstow, Martin Adrian
    Contributeur: Holberg, Jay
    Editeur: Cambridge ; New York [etc.] : Cambridge University Press
    Date: 2003
    Collation: XVII, 390 p. : ill. ; 26 cm
    Collection: Cambridge astrophysics series ; 37
    Documents dans cette collection: Cambridge astrophysics series
    Sujet RERO: Astronomie - ultraviolet (spectre)
    Classification: ge-obs 20.13
    ge-usob 20.13 BAR
    Identifiant: 0521580587 (hardback) (ISBN)
    No RERO: R003371085
    Permalien:
    http://data.rero.ch/01-R003371085/html?view=GE_V1

  • Article
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    Emanuel Stickelberger : Weg und Auftrag eines Schweizer Dichters

    Martin, Adrian Wolfgang
    In: Emanuel Stickelberger : Festgabe zum 75. Geburtstage 13. März 1959. - Frauenfeld : Huber, 1959. - P. 9-54
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    Titre: Emanuel Stickelberger : Weg und Auftrag eines Schweizer Dichters / Adrian Wolfgang Martin
    Auteur: Martin, Adrian Wolfgang
    Publication en relation: In: Emanuel Stickelberger : Festgabe zum 75. Geburtstage 13. März 1959. - Frauenfeld : Huber, 1959. - P. 9-54
    Document hôte: Emanuel Stickelberger : Festgabe zum 75. Geburtstage 13. März 1959
    No RERO: R244918060
    Permalien:
    http://data.rero.ch/01-R244918060/html?view=GE_V1