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    Their Fathers’ Daughters: Women’s Social Identities in Fifteenth-century Florence

    Bender, Tovah
    Journal of Family History, October 2013, Vol.38(4), pp.371-386 [Revue évaluée par les pairs]
    Sage Journals (Sage Publications), SAGE HSS (Sage Publications), SAGE Psychology (Sage Publications), SAGE Journals (Sage Publications)
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    Titre: Their Fathers’ Daughters: Women’s Social Identities in Fifteenth-century Florence
    Auteur: Bender, Tovah
    Sujet: Gender ; Family ; Florence ; Fifteenth Century ; Daughter ; Identity ; Sociology & Social History
    Description: Based on an analysis of how the identities of women were recorded in legal and familial documents, this article argues that women’s social identities were primarily and permanently linked to that of their natal families, particularly to their fathers. Given the frequent shifts in women’s living positions, marital status, and legal guardianship, women’s ties to their natal families have often been seen as tenuous. However, identifying a woman through her patriline was common practice and made practical sense in that it identified the individual woman in a permanent way and reflected the enduring ties between a women and her patriline.
    Fait partie de: Journal of Family History, October 2013, Vol.38(4), pp.371-386
    Identifiant: 0363-1990 (ISSN); 1552-5473 (E-ISSN); 10.1177/0363199013491209 (DOI)

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    Between Manuscript and Print: Literary Reception in Late Medieval France. The Case of the Songe de la Pucelle

    Cayley, Emma
    Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences, 2015, Vol.8(2), pp.137-165 [Revue évaluée par les pairs]
    Springer Science & Business Media B.V.
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    Titre: Between Manuscript and Print: Literary Reception in Late Medieval France. The Case of the Songe de la Pucelle
    Auteur: Cayley, Emma
    Sujet: Medieval ; Fifteenth century ; Manuscript ; Early printed book ; Debate poetry ; Dream-vision
    Description: Based on original archival and codicological research, this paper investigates the transformations and negotiations between manuscript and printed versions of fifteenth-century poetry through the specific example of one surprisingly complex debate poem, Le Songe de la Pucelle (The Dream of the Virgin). Our debate relates the choice that a female narrator must make between the respective appeals of two personifications, Love and Shame, who appear to her in a dream-vision. The manuscript tradition invariably collects the poem with other fifteenth-century debates and moral texts, while the early printed copies tended to have experienced a prior separate circulation and often remain as monotextual pamphlets. Manuscript and printed copies of the same poem seem, then, to target different audiences. My paper investigates this curious divergence in the transmission pattern of the manuscript and printed versions of the Songe and seeks possible answers in the very different sets of images accompanying the text in manuscript and printed versions.
    Fait partie de: Fudan Journal of the Humanities and Social Sciences, 2015, Vol.8(2), pp.137-165
    Identifiant: 1674-0750 (ISSN); 2198-2600 (E-ISSN); 10.1007/s40647-015-0067-x (DOI)

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    Kwetsbaarheid in een veerkrachtige samenleving. Een socio-institutionele analyse van de graancrisis van 1480-82. Casus: Gierle in het Land van Turnhout

    Nick Van Den Broeck, Tim Soens
    Tijdschrift voor Sociale en Economische Geschiedenis, 01 June 2017, Vol.14(1), pp.69-104 [Revue évaluée par les pairs]
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    Titre: Kwetsbaarheid in een veerkrachtige samenleving. Een socio-institutionele analyse van de graancrisis van 1480-82. Casus: Gierle in het Land van Turnhout
    Auteur: Nick Van Den Broeck; Tim Soens
    Sujet: Food Crises ; Fifteenth Century ; Campine
    Description: Food crises in the premodern period are often explained by focusing on weather- or climate- related harvest failures (Food Availability Decline) or market disturbances provoking a declining access to food for some groups in society (Food Entitlement Decline). However, the FAD versus FED –debate does not fully acknowledge the underlying mechanisms which expose people to hunger. With this contribution, we aim to move the focus in historical famine research back to the vulnerabilities in the means of subsistence enjoyed by particular groups in a society and the way these vulnerabilities are continuously produced through inequalities in the access to land, labour and capital, and through the organisation and allocation of taxes and feudal rent. Inequalities in wealth and income resulted in social differences in the access to food, which were far more important than fluctuations over time produced by climate shocks or market disturbance. As a result even in an overall resilient society...
    Fait partie de: Tijdschrift voor Sociale en Economische Geschiedenis, 01 June 2017, Vol.14(1), pp.69-104
    Identifiant: 2468-9068 (E-ISSN); 10.18352/tseg.893 (DOI)

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    A Hebrew poetry contest in early-fifteenth-century Zaragoza

    Prats Oliván, Arturo
    Journal of medieval Iberian studies, 03 July 2014, Vol.6(2), pp.214-236 [Revue évaluée par les pairs]
    Taylor & Francis (Taylor & Francis Group)
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    Titre: A Hebrew poetry contest in early-fifteenth-century Zaragoza
    Auteur: Prats Oliván, Arturo
    Sujet: Hebrew ; Literature ; Bonafed ; Zaragoza ; Fifteenth Century ; History & Archaeology
    Description: This article studies an unknown letter found in a manuscript belonging to the library of the Jewish Theological Seminary in New York. The letter was written by Shelomo ben Reuben Bonafed (Aragon, first half of the fifteenth century), known as the last Hebrew poet in Christian Iberia and sent to one of his friends in Zaragoza. In the letter Bonafed refers to the composition and submission of one of his poems celebrating the donation of a crown for the Torah scroll in the Synagogue of the Bikkur Holim in Zaragoza. This article offers the Hebrew text of the letter as well as its English translation and brings under analysis the social and cultural background of the text paying particular attention to its original epistolary form; to its contents with respect to the process of literary creation in the context of fifteenth-century Hebrew literature; and to the sociohistorical circumstances of its composition, with a special emphasis on patronage, analyzing the figures and institutions...
    Fait partie de: Journal of medieval Iberian studies, 03 July 2014, Vol.6(2), pp.214-236
    Identifiant: 1754-6559 (ISSN); 1754-6567 (E-ISSN); 10.1080/17546559.2014.927614 (DOI)

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    Cluny and its priories in fifteenth-century Castile

    Reglero de La Fuente, Carlos
    Journal of medieval Iberian studies, 03 July 2017, Vol.9(2), pp.261-279 [Revue évaluée par les pairs]
    Taylor & Francis (Taylor & Francis Group)
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    Titre: Cluny and its priories in fifteenth-century Castile
    Auteur: Reglero de La Fuente, Carlos
    Sujet: Cluny ; Castile ; Monasticism ; Fifteenth Century ; Priory ; History & Archaeology
    Description: Cluny's control over its Hispanic priories was weakened in the fifteenth century by the popes' interference in the naming of priors and in confirming alienations. The attempts made by the abbots Robert de Chaudesolles and Jean de Bourbon to reaffirm their authority were effective only for a time. Even so, the monks continued to consider themselves as Cluniacs, enjoying the privileges of the order, having recourse to their conservators and, especially, celebrating their own liturgy. Between 1470 and 1513, the papal appointment of commendatory abbots and the monarchs' support for the reform of San Benito de Valladolid led to the Cluniac priories becoming exempt from Cluny's jurisdiction. This was possible due to the disappearance, or inaction, of those agents who traditionally exercised control over the priories: priors, chamberlains and visitors.
    Fait partie de: Journal of medieval Iberian studies, 03 July 2017, Vol.9(2), pp.261-279
    Identifiant: 1754-6559 (ISSN); 1754-6567 (E-ISSN); 10.1080/17546559.2017.1311416 (DOI)

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    Severity and Selectivity of the Black Death and Recurring Plague in the Southern Netherlands (1349-1450)

    Joris Roosen
    Tijdschrift voor Sociale en Economische Geschiedenis, 01 April 2018, Vol.14(4), pp.25-55 [Revue évaluée par les pairs]
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    Titre: Severity and Selectivity of the Black Death and Recurring Plague in the Southern Netherlands (1349-1450)
    Auteur: Joris Roosen
    Sujet: Black Death ; Plague ; Fourteenth Century ; Fifteenth Century ; Southern Netherlands
    Description: The Black Death is the textbook villain when it comes to the study of historical diseases and to the general public it remains a thought-provoking subject. To illustrate, in 2016 almost three million viewers accessed the English Wikipedia’s Black Death page, compared to present-day Ebola which only had around one million. Despite the wide drawing power of the Black Death, some of its most basic characteristics are still debated in academic circles. The focus of this paper will be on the severity of the Black Death and recurring plague outbreaks in the Southern Netherlands. More specifically it will reflect on the general assumption that plague evolved from a ‘universal killer’ to a more selective and less severe disease over time. Due to the scarcity of late medieval sources and a lack of quantifiable indicators, little is known about the causal mechanisms at work during the late Middle Ages. This paper offers a newly-compiled database of 25.610 individuals that died between 1349-1450...
    Fait partie de: Tijdschrift voor Sociale en Economische Geschiedenis, 01 April 2018, Vol.14(4), pp.25-55
    Identifiant: 2468-9068 (E-ISSN); 10.18352/tseg.986 (DOI)

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    Slander and the right to be an author in fifteenth-century Spain

    Gómez-Bravo, Ana M
    Journal of Spanish cultural studies, 03 July 2015, Vol.16(3), pp.239-253 [Revue évaluée par les pairs]
    Taylor & Francis (Taylor & Francis Group)
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    Titre: Slander and the right to be an author in fifteenth-century Spain
    Auteur: Gómez-Bravo, Ana M
    Sujet: Slander ; Maldecir ; Rhetoric ; Cancionero ; Fifteenth Century ; Conversos ; History & Archaeology
    Description: Versified slander, particularly that addressed to converted Jews or conversos, is best understood within a social exercise of rhetoric as ars bene dicendi that channels ethnic and religious tensions through the practice of maldecir. Slanderous discourse or maldecir is both a flexible and a dangerous tool in the hands of an author, who becomes aggrandized through the poet's ethical responsibility to denounce social evils. However, slander can destabilize authorship due to the required use of despicable language. The result is a complex interplay among slandered authors and their critics that shows the flexible uses of slander in the context of ethnic and social strife.
    Fait partie de: Journal of Spanish cultural studies, 03 July 2015, Vol.16(3), pp.239-253
    Identifiant: 1463-6204 (ISSN); 1469-9818 (E-ISSN); 10.1080/14636204.2015.1103361 (DOI)

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    Durán Madonna (c. 1435–1438) by Rogier van der Weyden: a case of congenital goiter

    Riva, Michele, Ferretti, Cecilia, Pagni, Fabio
    Internal and Emergency Medicine, 2016, Vol.11(8), pp.1149-1150 [Revue évaluée par les pairs]
    Springer Science & Business Media B.V.
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    Titre: Durán Madonna (c. 1435–1438) by Rogier van der Weyden: a case of congenital goiter
    Auteur: Riva, Michele; Ferretti, Cecilia; Pagni, Fabio
    Sujet: Congenital goiter ; Fine arts ; Fifteenth century ; Hyperthyroidism ; Endemic goiter
    Description: To access, purchase, authenticate, or subscribe to the full-text of this article, please visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11739-016-1512-9 Byline: Michele Augusto Riva (1), Cecilia Ferretti (1), Fabio Pagni (1) Keywords: Congenital goiter; Fine arts; Fifteenth century; Hyperthyroidism; Endemic goiter Author Affiliation: (1) School of Medicine and Surgery, University of Milano Bicocca, via Cadore 48, 20900, Monza, Italy Article History: Registration Date: 21/07/2016 Received Date: 22/06/2016 Accepted Date: 21/07/2016 Online Date: 26/07/2016 Article note: M. A. Riva and C. Ferretti contributed equally to this paper.
    Fait partie de: Internal and Emergency Medicine, 2016, Vol.11(8), pp.1149-1150
    Identifiant: 1828-0447 (ISSN); 1970-9366 (E-ISSN); 10.1007/s11739-016-1512-9 (DOI)

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    Reputation in the fifteenth century credit market; some tales from the ecclesiastical courts of York

    Robb, Hannah
    Cultural and social history, 27 May 2018, Vol.15(3), pp.297-313 [Revue évaluée par les pairs]
    Taylor & Francis (Taylor & Francis Group)
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    Titre: Reputation in the fifteenth century credit market; some tales from the ecclesiastical courts of York
    Auteur: Robb, Hannah
    Sujet: Credit ; Fifteenth-Century ; York ; Institutions ; Reputation ; Sociology & Social History
    Description: This article explores the language used to defend reputation in instances of defamation, debt and theft presented before the ecclesiastical courts of the Archbishopric of York in the latter part of the medieval period. Finding a circulating language of trust and household credibility in the court papers, the argument concludes that the commodification of reputation was not a phenomenon brought about by the Reformation but that a reputation mechanism was intrinsic to the medieval market embedded in informal institutions, social norms and cultural dictates and enforced in the courts.
    Fait partie de: Cultural and social history, 27 May 2018, Vol.15(3), pp.297-313
    Identifiant: 1478-0038 (ISSN); 1478-0046 (E-ISSN); 10.1080/14780038.2018.1492790 (DOI)

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    African perceptions of Europeans in the early period of Portuguese expeditions to West Africa

    Tymowski, Michal
    Itinerario, 2015, Vol.39(2), pp.221-246 [Revue évaluée par les pairs]
    Cambridge University Press
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    Titre: African perceptions of Europeans in the early period of Portuguese expeditions to West Africa
    Auteur: Tymowski, Michal
    Echelle: 2015
    Collection: 20150911
    Sujet: Articles; West Africa; Africans; Europeans; Fifteenth Century; Cultural Contact; Opinions
    Description: The aim to this article is to analyse the judgments and opinions of Africans about Europeans during the early Portuguese expeditions to West Africa in the fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries. While opinions of Europeans about Africans are for that period certified by numerous and varied sources, the opinions of Africans are difficult to examine. Cultures of the West African coast in the fifteen and early sixteen century were illiterate. Local oral traditions do not go back – within the scope of this field of interest – to such distant centuries. There are two types of sources: Firstly, African statements written down in European texts, which require a particularly critical approach; secondly, some Africans expressed their opinions about Europeans in works of Art. These include the statues of Europeans from the area of present-day Sierra Leone (the Sapi people), and from the state of Benin (the Edo people). In this article the author examines: 1) the circumstances in which the Africans expressed their opinions (ad hoc meetings, political negotiations, trade, court ceremonies); 2) the authors (individuals or social and ethnic groups), which were attributed the judgments; 3) the content of speeches; and 4) the motives which guided the Africans. Then author compares individual cases, analyses the common characteristics and the distinct features of judgments and opinions known to us, and discusses the possibility of identification of general traits of Africans’ opinions about Europeans.
    Précédemment: 20152015090811
    Fait partie de: Itinerario, 2015, Vol.39(2), pp.221-246
    Classement: 201508
    Identifiant: 0165-1153 (ISSN); 2041-2827 (E-ISSN); 10.1017/S0165115315000455 (DOI)