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Titre: Children of immigrants in the child welfare system: characteristics, risk, and maltreatment.(Report) Auteur:Earner, Ilze; Dettlaff, Alan J. Sujet:Immigrant Children -- Social Aspects ; Immigrant Children -- Psychological Aspects ; Immigrant Children -- Family ; Child Abuse -- Demographic Aspects ; Child Abuse -- Control ; Child Abuse -- Research ; Child Welfare -- Services ; Child Welfare -- Research Description:
Children in immigrant families face a number of risks that may lead to involvement with child welfare agencies. Yet, little is known about their involvement in this system. This study analyzes data from the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-Being to identify the characteristics, risk factors, and incidence of maltreatment among children of immigrants involved with the child welfare system, and compares those factors to children in U.S.-born families. Findings indicate that significant differences are present in the type of maltreatment experienced and in exposure to risk. Increased awareness of these differences can facilitate an understanding of the dynamics of risk and maltreatment in immigrant families, as well as the development of culturally competent assessment, intervention, and prevention activities. Adapted from the source document.
Fait partie de:
Families in Society: The Journal of Contemporary Social Services, Oct-Dec, 2012, Vol.93(4), p.295-303
Titre: The Decision Making Ecology of placing a child into foster care: A structural equation model Auteur:Graham, J. Christopher; Dettlaff, Alan J.; Baumann, Donald J.; Fluke, John D. Sujet:Child Abuse -- Analysis ; Decision Making -- Analysis ; Social Services -- Analysis ; Home Care -- Analysis Description:
To link to full-text access for this article, visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chiabu.2015.02.020 Byline: J. Christopher Graham, Alan J. Dettlaff, Donald J. Baumann, John D. Fluke Abstract: The Decision Making Ecology provided a framework for empirically testing the impact of Case, Caseworker and Organizational factors on the decision to place children in out-of-home care. The structural equation model we developed fit the data extremely well, indicating a complex relationship between the variables. The main findings indicate that Case factors, even as aggregated to the worker level, were of most importance: Percent Removed was increased in part by greater average Risk being assessed and more families on a worker's caseload being Low Income. Furthermore, removal rates were increased by lower proportions of Hispanic families on the caseload, as well as lower organizational support, and a perception of manageable workload and sufficient resources. Individual factors, i.e., variables characterizing the caseworkers themselves, were not found to directly influence the placement decision, including workers' own race/ethnicity, though various orders of mediated effects were indicated, and these are detailed. Interrelationships between variables that affect case, caseworker and organizational factors are discussed along with implications for practice. Author Affiliation: (a) Department of Health Sciences Administration, University of Washington, USA (b) Jane Addams College of Social Work, University of Illinois at Chicago, USA (c) Saint Edwards University, USA (d) Kempe Center for the Prevention and Treatment of Child Abuse and Neglect, Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado School of Medicine, USA Article History: Received 31 October 2014; Revised 6 February 2015; Accepted 27 February 2015
Fait partie de:
Child Abuse and Neglect, Nov, 2015, Vol.49, p.12(12)
0145-2134 (ISSN); 10.1016/j.chiabu.2015.02.020 (DOI)
The Decision Making Ecology of placing a child into foster care: A structural equation model
Graham, J. Christopher, Dettlaff, Alan J, Baumann, Donald J, Fluke, John D
Child abuse & neglect, November 2015, Vol.49, pp.12-23
[Revue évaluée par les pairs]
Titre: Nativity and immigration status among Latino families involved in the child welfare system: Characteristics, risk, and maltreatment Auteur:Cardoso, Jodi Berger; Dettlaff, Alan J.; Finno - Velasquez, Megan; Scott, Jennifer; Faulkner, Monica Sujet:Family ; Child Welfare ; Hispanic Americans ; Emigration And Immigration ; Child Health Description:
To link to full-text access for this article, visit this link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.childyouth.2014.06.008 Byline: Jodi Berger Cardoso, Alan J. Dettlaff, Megan Finno-Velasquez, Jennifer Scott, Monica Faulkner Abstract: The purpose of this study was to estimate the proportion of Latino children with non-citizen parents involved with the child welfare system and to identify how their household, community, and maltreatment characteristics differ from children of U.S. citizens. Data were drawn from the National Survey of Child and Adolescent Well-being -- II, a nationally representative sample of children (n=5872) who were subjects of maltreatment reports to child welfare agencies in 2008 and 2009. This study included Latino children who remained at home with a parent, for whom information was collected on citizenship and legal status (n=822). Children of unauthorized immigrants represented 5% of all children and 19% of Latino children, reported to child welfare agencies. Additionally, 11% of Latino children had a legal resident parent. While the majority of children were citizens, 20% of children living with an unauthorized parent were also unauthorized. Children with unauthorized and legal resident parents exhibited both risk and protective factors for maltreatment. Non-citizen parents more often reported financial hardship, low educational attainment, and neighborhood disorganization. Despite these risks, children of non-citizen parents did not have higher rates of substantiated maltreatment than children with U.S.-born parents. Protective factors, such as a higher proportion of two-parent families, lower teenage childbearing, and lower active drug and alcohol abuse among noncitizen parents may act as buffers against maltreatment. Understanding the diversity within the Latino population based on factors such as citizenship and legal status is necessary to ensure provision of services that are responsive to the needs of non-citizen families. Article History: Received 26 September 2013; Revised 10 June 2014; Accepted 10 June 2014
Fait partie de:
Children and Youth Services Review, Sept, 2014, Vol.44, p.189(12)