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  • Livre
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    Routledge handbook of diaspora studies

    Cohen, Robin, Fischer, Carolin
    Abingdon, Oxon : Routledge
    2019
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    Titre: Routledge handbook of diaspora studies / ed. by Robin Cohen and Carolin Fischer
    Auteur: Cohen, Robin; Fischer, Carolin
    Editeur: Abingdon, Oxon : Routledge
    Date: 2019
    Collation: 364 p. : ill.
    Sujet LCSH: Assimilation (Sociology) - Emigration and immigration -- Social aspects - Ethnicity -- Social aspects - Human beings -- Migrations - Human geography - Transnationalism
    Contient: Diaspora before it became a concept / Stephane Dufoix -- Diaspora studies : past, present and promise / Khachig Tölölyan -- Key methodological tools for diaspora studies : combining the transnational and intersectional approaches / Anna Amelina and Karolina Barglowski -- The social construction of diasporas : conceptual development and the Rwandan case / Simon Turner -- Diasporas as social movements? / Sharon M. Quinsaat -- Performing diaspora / Alpha Abebe -- Embodying belonging : diaspora's racialization and cultural citizenship / Taku Suzuki -- Music, dance and diaspora / Ananya Jahanara Kabir -- Diasporic filmmaking in Europe / Daniela Berghahn -- Writing in diaspora / Zuzanna Olszewska -- Making and "faking" a diasporic heritage / Marc Scully -- Translanguaging and diasporic imagination / Zhu Hua and Li Wei -- Multi-religious diasporas : rethinking the relationship between religion and diaspora / Dominic Pasura -- Homelessness and statelessness : possibilities and perils / Barzoo Eliassi -- Diaspora and class, class and diaspora / Nicholas Van Hear -- Working-class cosmopolitans and diaspora / Pnina Werbner -- Transversal crossings and diasporic intersections / Amanda Wise -- Intersectionalizing diaspora studies / Marie Godin -- Bridging the mobility-sedentarism and agency-structure dichotomies in diasporic return migration / Nanor Karageozian -- Unravelling the conceptual link between transnationalism and diaspora : hometown networks / Thomas Lacroix -- Deportees as "reverse diasporas" / Shahram Khosravi -- Diasporicity : relative embeddedness in transnational and co-ethnic networks / Takeyuki (Gaku) Tsuda -- Moral comforts of remaining in exile : snapshots from conflict-generated Indonesian diasporas / Antje Missbach -- Islamic schooling and the second generation: a diaspora perspective / Hanna Höchner -- Diaspora and home : interrogating embodied precarity in an era of forced displacement / Divya P. Tolia-Kelly -- Diasporas and political obligation / Ilan Zvi Baron -- Diaspora and religion : connecting and disconnecting / Giulia Liberatore and Leslie Fesenmyer -- Digital diasporas / Mihaela Nedelcu -- Diaspora politics and political remittances : a conceptual reflection / Lea Müller-Funk -- Diasporas building peace : reflections from the experience of Middle Eastern diasporas / Bahar Baser and Mari Toivanen -- Postcolonial states, nation-building and the (un)making of diasporas / Jen Dickenson -- The plasticity of diasporic identities in super-diverse cities / Tamsin Barber -- Displaced imaginations, bodies and things : materiality and subjectivity of forced migration / Sandra H. Dudley -- Preserving or discarding diaspora / Carolin Fischer and Janine Dahinden -- Disconnecting from home : contesting the salience of the diaspora / Gijsbert Oonk -- Why engage diasporas? / Alan Gamlen -- Diaspora mobilizations for conflict : beyond amplification and reduction / Maria Koinova -- Diasporas and development / Ben Page and Claire Mercer -- Diasporas and the politics of memory and commemoration / Khatharya Um -- At home in diaspora : the Babylonian Talmud as diasporist manifesto / Daniel Boyarin
    Description: "The word 'diaspora' has leapt from its previously confined use - mainly concerned with the dispersion of Jews, Greeks, Armenians and Africans away from their natal homelands - to cover the cases of many other ethnic groups, nationalities and religions. But this 'horizontal' scattering of the word to cover the mobility of many groups to many destinations, has been paralleled also by 'vertical' leaps, with the word diaspora being deployed to cover more and more phenomena and serve more and more objectives of different actors. With sections on 'debating the concept', 'complexity', 'home and home-making', 'connections' and 'critiques', the Routledge Handbook of Diaspora Studies is likely to remain an authoritative reference for some time. Each contribution includes a targeted list of references for further reading. The editors have carefully blended established scholars of diaspora with younger scholars looking at how diasporas are constructed 'from below'. The adoption of a variety of conceptual perspectives allows for generalization, contrasts and comparisons between cases. In this exciting and authoritative collection over 40 scholars from many countries have explored the evolving use of the concept of diaspora, its possibilities as well as its limitations. This Handbook will be indispensable for students undertaking essays, debates and dissertations in the field"-- Provided by publisher
    Note: Includes bibliographic references
    Classification: neu-sfm Diasporas
    neu-sfm Transnationalism
    neu-sfm Ethnicity
    Identifiant: 9781138631137 (hardback) (ISBN)
    No RERO: R008846768
    Permalien:
    http://data.rero.ch/01-R008846768/html?view=NJ_V1

  • Article
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    Predicting dynamic modulus of elasticity of Norway spruce structural timber by forest inventory, airborne laser scanning and harvester-derived data

    Fischer, Carolin, Høibø, Olav A., Vestøl, Geir I., Hauglin, Marius, Hansen, Endre H., Gobakken, Terje
    Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, 18 August 2018, Vol.33(6), p.603-612 [Revue évaluée par les pairs]
    Taylor & Francis (Taylor & Francis Group)
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    Titre: Predicting dynamic modulus of elasticity of Norway spruce structural timber by forest inventory, airborne laser scanning and harvester-derived data
    Auteur: Fischer, Carolin; Høibø, Olav A.; Vestøl, Geir I.; Hauglin, Marius; Hansen, Endre H.; Gobakken, Terje
    Editeur: Taylor & Francis
    Sujet: Article - Presorting - Grade Yield - Strength Grading - Timber Quality - Remote Sensing
    Description: Norway spruce structural timber is one of the most important products of the Norwegian sawmilling industry, and a high grade-yield of structural timber is therefore important for the economic yield. Presorting of logs suited for production of structural timber might be one option to increase the grade yield. In this study, dynamic modulus of elasticity ( E dyn ) of structural timber was predicted based on forest inventory data at site level and single-tree data from airborne laser scanning (ALS) and harvester. The models were based on 611 boards from 4 sites in southeastern Norway. Important variables at site level were elevation, site index (SI), and mean stand age. However, when combining data from all information sources, mean stand age and site index were the only significant variables at site level. Tree height and variables describing the crown, like crown length and crown volume, were important vaiables extracted from ALS data. Stem diameter measures and tapering were important variables measured by the harvester. The combined model with variables from all three information sources reduced the variance the most, especially when using individual tree age instead of average stand age. However, combining all these data requires accurate positioning of the trees by the harvester.
    Fait partie de: Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, 18 August 2018, Vol.33(6), p.603-612
    Identifiant: 0282-7581 (ISSN); 1651-1891 (E-ISSN); 10.1080/02827581.2018.1427790 (DOI)

  • Article
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    Reframing transnational engagement: a relational analysis of Afghan diasporic groups

    Fischer, Carolin
    Global Networks, July 2018, Vol.18(3), pp.399-417 [Revue évaluée par les pairs]
    John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
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    Titre: Reframing transnational engagement: a relational analysis of Afghan diasporic groups
    Auteur: Fischer, Carolin
    Sujet: Cosmopolitanism And Identity - Diaspora - Identity - Migration And Mobility - Transnational Social Relations
    Description: In recent years, there have been repeated calls to refocus studies of diasporic engagements, especially their conceptual underpinnings, underlying assumptions and units of analysis. Based on a qualitative case study of Afghan diasporic groups in Britain and Germany, I propose a refined approach to such engagements. I combine the distinction between different spheres of engagement with key concepts from relational sociology. Afghans in both countries participate in a plethora of transnational engagements, which vary according to the extent of their orientation towards the public or private sphere. At the same time, clearly delineated groups of people undertake engagements observed in different spheres, which different aims and objectives drive. Although informants' attachments to their home country are important, they are not the only basis on which they act. My conceptual angle seeks to inspire critical, nuanced and theoretically rich research on diasporas as social actors and transnational civic engagement in a wider sense.
    Fait partie de: Global Networks, July 2018, Vol.18(3), pp.399-417
    Identifiant: 1470-2266 (ISSN); 1471-0374 (E-ISSN); 10.1111/glob.12186 (DOI)

  • Article
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    Unexplained site variance in machine strength grading of Norway spruce structural timber

    Fischer, Carolin, Vestøl, Geir, Øvrum, Audun, Høibø, Olav
    European Journal of Wood and Wood Products, 2018, Vol.76(3), pp.899-909 [Revue évaluée par les pairs]
    Springer Science & Business Media B.V.
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    Titre: Unexplained site variance in machine strength grading of Norway spruce structural timber
    Auteur: Fischer, Carolin; Vestøl, Geir; Øvrum, Audun; Høibø, Olav
    Sujet: Picea Abies - Norway - Timber - Bend Strength - Timber - Pine Trees - Bending Modulus - Density - Grading - Resonance - Site Index - Grading - Timber (Structural) - Density - Mechanical Properties - Computer Simulation - Storage Modulus;
    Description: The aim of the study was to assess site effects in terms of unexplained site variance in machine strength grading of Norway spruce structural timber. The site effects were estimated for grading based on axial resonance frequency and timber length, and for grading based on dynamic modulus of elasticity. Timber was collected from 14 sites in Norway, and linear mixed models were developed based on 1188 boards. The study showed that strength grading based on axial resonance frequency and timber length leaves out effects of site that are related to altitude, latitude and site index. The variance could be reduced when the grading was based on dynamic modulus of elasticity. For both grading methods, the site effects were smaller for bending strength than for modulus of elasticity and density. Major parts of the site effects were explained by mass density, and simulations showed that it is possible to fulfil the requirements of the strength classes with a higher yield when the sorting is based on a combination of exclusion by mass density and exclusion by the frequency-based indicating property.
    Fait partie de: European Journal of Wood and Wood Products, 2018, Vol.76(3), pp.899-909
    Identifiant: 0018-3768 (ISSN); 1436-736X (E-ISSN); 10.1007/s00107-017-1272-x (DOI)

  • Article
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    Thermal analysis in foundry technology

    Grabowska, Beata, Hodor, Krzysztof, Kaczmarska, Karolina, Bobrowski, Artur, Kurleto-Kozioł, Żaneta, Fischer, Carolin
    Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 2017, Vol.130(1), pp.301-309 [Revue évaluée par les pairs]
    Springer Science & Business Media B.V.
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    Titre: Thermal analysis in foundry technology
    Auteur: Grabowska, Beata; Hodor, Krzysztof; Kaczmarska, Karolina; Bobrowski, Artur; Kurleto-Kozioł, Żaneta; Fischer, Carolin
    Sujet: Polymer binders - Foundry sands - Thermal degradation - TG–DSC - TG–IR - TG–MS
    Description: In this study, a polymer composition of poly(acrylic acid) and dextrin (PAA/D) cross-linked with microwave radiation, belonging to the new BioCo group of environmentally friendly foundry binders, was subjected to thermal analysis (TG–DTG–DSC, TG–MS, TG–IR) in a temperature range of 20–600 °C. A thermal analysis of PAA/D compositions enables the determination of a temperature range at which the composition is not susceptible to thermal degradation and thus does not lose its binding properties. The study showed that the process of thermal degradation of PAA/D is complex and multi-stage (TG–DTG–DSC). Within a temperature range of 20–250 °C, physical and chemical changes take place associated with the evaporation of the water fraction of the solvent (20–100 °C), next with the evaporation of the water hydration and finally with intermolecular dehydration reactions (100–250 °C). Above a temperature of 300 °C, the decomposition of the polymer chains takes places, and thereafter, the intensive degradation of PAA/D occurs together the creation of gaseous substances, primarily low molecular weight inorganic (CO 2 , H 2 O, CO) and organic compounds, including methane (TG–IR, TG–MS).
    Fait partie de: Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, 2017, Vol.130(1), pp.301-309
    Identifiant: 1388-6150 (ISSN); 1588-2926 (E-ISSN); 10.1007/s10973-017-6506-y (DOI)

  • Article
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    Gender representations in politics of belonging: An analysis of Swiss immigration regulation from the 19th century until today

    Fischer, Carolin, Dahinden, Janine
    Ethnicities, August 2017, Vol.17(4), pp.445-468 [Revue évaluée par les pairs]
    SAGE HSS (Sage Publications), Sage Journals (Sage Publications), SAGE Politics and International Relations (Sage Publications), SAGE Sociology (Sage Publications), SAGE Journals (Sage Publications)
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    Titre: Gender representations in politics of belonging: An analysis of Swiss immigration regulation from the 19th century until today
    Auteur: Fischer, Carolin; Dahinden, Janine
    Sujet: Gender - Boundaries - Immigration Policies - Belonging - Identity - Social Representation - Ethnicisation - Switzerland - Immigration - Anthropology - Women'S Studies
    Description: The literature increasingly recognises the importance of gender in defining the boundaries between national societies and migrants. But little is still known about the history and changes of mechanisms that shape the role of gender as category of difference. Based on a critical case study of Switzerland, this article examines how gender is implicated in the politics of migrant admission and incorporation and underlying notions of ‘the other’. Drawing on theories of boundary work, we show that gendered representations of migrants are mobilised by different actors to advance their claims and calls for certain forms of immigration control and migrant integration. Since the late 19th century, gendered representations of Swiss nationals and migrant others shift from classical gender ideas to culturalised post-colonial interpretations of gender roles and, most recently, to normative ideas of gender equality. As part of these changes, migrant women moved from the periphery to the core of public and political attention. Concomitantly, categories of difference shift from the intersection of gender and social class to an intersection of gender, culture and ethnicity. Local particularities of Switzerland – the idea of ‘overforeignisation’ and the system of direct democracy – play a significant role in shaping categories. But Switzerland’s embeddedness in transnational fields emerges as equally important. The article expands on recent research and illuminates how changing dynamics of categorisation and othering facilitate the construction of nations and national identities in a transnationalised world.
    Fait partie de: Ethnicities, August 2017, Vol.17(4), pp.445-468
    Identifiant: 1468-7968 (ISSN); 1741-2706 (E-ISSN); 10.1177/1468796816676844 (DOI)

  • Article
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    Imagined Communities? Relations of Social Identities and Social Organisation among Afghan Diaspora Groups in Germany and the UK

    Fischer, Carolin
    Journal of Intercultural Studies, 02 January 2017, Vol.38(1), p.18-35 [Revue évaluée par les pairs]
    Routledge (Taylor & Francis Group)
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    Titre: Imagined Communities? Relations of Social Identities and Social Organisation among Afghan Diaspora Groups in Germany and the UK
    Auteur: Fischer, Carolin
    Editeur: Routledge
    Sujet: Article - Diaspora - Migration - Migration Studies - Migration Theory - Social Identities - Afghan Migrants - Relational Sociology
    Description: This paper engages with the complexity of diaspora by focusing on the links between self-identification, external categorisation and emerging ties among Afghans in Britain and Germany. Based on a qualitative case study and drawing on relational sociology, it demonstrates that family ties, class backgrounds, ethnicity and political affiliations inform peoples’ attitudes towards each other and foster dynamics of inclusion, exclusion and group formation. Beyond particularistic identity categories there is evidence of an imagined community, which manifests itself in an implicitly shared concern about Afghanistan and a self-identification as ‘being Afghan’. Yet this imagined community is rarely reflected in diasporic networks of Afghan co-nationals. A relational approach helps to explain how social identity categories come to be selectively enacted. The findings presented in this paper underline the importance of studying the making and unmaking of diaspora as part of wider social, political and historical processes.
    Fait partie de: Journal of Intercultural Studies, 02 January 2017, Vol.38(1), p.18-35
    Identifiant: 0725-6868 (ISSN); 1469-9540 (E-ISSN); 10.1080/07256868.2016.1269060 (DOI)

  • Plusieurs versions

    Thermally induced phenomena leading to degradation of poly(silsesquioxane) materials

    Nowacka, Maria, Fischer, Carolin, Kowalewska, Anna, Hebda, Marek, Hodor, Krzysztof
    European Polymer Journal, January 2017, Vol.86, pp.17-28 [Revue évaluée par les pairs]

  • Article
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    Gender representations in politics of belonging : an analysis of Swiss immigration regulation from the 19th century until today

    Fischer, Carolin
    Dahinden, Janine
    In: Ethnicities. - London. - 2017, vol. 17, no. 4, p. 445-568
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    Titre: Gender representations in politics of belonging : an analysis of Swiss immigration regulation from the 19th century until today / Carolin Fischer and Janine Dahinden
    Auteur: Fischer, Carolin
    Contributeur: Dahinden, Janine
    Publication en relation: In: Ethnicities. - London. - 2017, vol. 17, no. 4, p. 445-568
    Document hôte: Ethnicities
    Classification: neu-sfm Gender
    neu-sfm Cultural identity
    neu-sfm Immigrant policy
    neu-sfm Immigration law
    neu-sfm Switzerland
    neu-sfm Women
    neu-sfm Social integration
    No RERO: R008688572
    Permalien:
    http://data.rero.ch/01-R008688572/html?view=NJ_V1

  • Article
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    Between- and within-site variation of density and bending properties of Picea abies structural timber from Norway

    Vestøl, Geir I., Fischer, Carolin, Høibø, Olav, Øvrum, Audun
    Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, 16 November 2016, Vol.31(8), p.758-765 [Revue évaluée par les pairs]
    Taylor & Francis (Taylor & Francis Group)
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    Titre: Between- and within-site variation of density and bending properties of Picea abies structural timber from Norway
    Auteur: Vestøl, Geir I.; Fischer, Carolin; Høibø, Olav; Øvrum, Audun
    Editeur: Taylor & Francis
    Sujet: Article - Bending Strength - Density - Modulus Of Elasticity - Norway Spruce - Picea Abies - Structural Timber
    Description: This study provides an analysis on the variability of structural timber of Norway spruce ( Picea abies ) grown in Norway. Density, modulus of elasticity (MOE) and bending strength were measured on 1188 boards from 205 trees, sampled from 14 sites throughout Southern Norway, Eastern Norway and Trøndelag. The area represents the procurement area for the majority of Norwegian sawmills. The variability of the timber properties was analysed in a linear mixed model where the random variance was divided into variance due to site, variance due to trees and within-tree variance. Models describing variance due to site based on site index, altitude and latitude were developed, and combined with data from the Norwegian National Forest Inventory to estimate mean values and variability of the timber properties. The results showed that major parts of the variance due to site are explained by altitude and site index, and for density also by latitude. Major parts of the variance due to site and the variance due to trees in bending strength and MOE were explained by density.
    Fait partie de: Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, 16 November 2016, Vol.31(8), p.758-765
    Identifiant: 0282-7581 (ISSN); 1651-1891 (E-ISSN); 10.1080/02827581.2016.1174733 (DOI)