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    Los límites de la participación política en una democracia excepcional: migrantes en Costa Rica

    Pedroza, Luicy
    Migraciones Internacionales, 2020, Issue 11 [Revue évaluée par les pairs]
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    Titre: Los límites de la participación política en una democracia excepcional: migrantes en Costa Rica
    Auteur: Pedroza, Luicy
    Sujet: Franchise ; Vote ; Migrants ; Costa Rica ; Latin America ; Estudios De Migración ; Política Comparada ; Estudios De Ciudadanía ; Latinoamérica ; Costa Rica ; Sufragio ; Voto ; Migrantes ; Costa Rica ; Latinoamérica
    Description: In comparison to other countries in the Latin American region, especially in Central America, support for democracy in Costa Rica is high –despite ups and downs in recent years. Still, regarding the challenges that immigration poses for the principles of democratic inclusion and representation, Costa Rica lag behind 11 countries in Latin America –and 35 democracies in the world– where immigrant residents have the right to vote in local elections. In Chile and Uruguay, the only countries in the region where support for democracy tops that observed in Costa Rica, the right to vote of immigrant residents even reaches national elections. With such a comparative background, this article addresses the question: how to explain that this democracy ignores the tendency to give the right to vote to resident migrants? The study reveals a society in which the narrative of exceptionality with respect to other countries of the continent and the formal primacy of nationality to political citizenship,...
    En comparación con otros países en la región de Latinoamérica y sobretodo, en la región de Centroamérica, el apoyo a la democracia en Costa Rica es alto, a pesar de algunos altibajos en los últimos años. No obstante, respecto a los desafíos que la inmigración supone para los principios de inclusión y representación democráticas, Costa Rica se queda atrás con respecto a 11 países en Latinoamérica –y 35 en el mundo– en los que los inmigrantes residentes tienen el derecho a votar en elecciones locales. En Chile y Uruguay, los únicos países en Latinoamérica donde el apoyo a la democracia entre sus ciudadanos supera al observado en Costa Rica, el derecho a votar de los residentes inmigrantes alcanza las elecciones nacionales. Con tal trasfondo comparativo, este artículo aborda la siguiente pregunta ¿cómo explicar que esta democracia, ejemplar en muchos sentidos, ignore la tendencia democrática de dar derecho a votar a los migrantes residentes? El estudio revela una sociedad en la que la narrativa...
    Fait partie de: Migraciones Internacionales, 2020, Issue 11
    Identifiant: 1665-8906 (ISSN)

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    Passed, regulated, or applied? The different stages of emigrant enfranchisement in Latin America and the Caribbean

    Palop-García, Pau, Pedroza, Luicy
    Democratization, 03 April 2019, Vol.26(3), pp.401-421 [Revue évaluée par les pairs]
    Taylor & Francis (Taylor & Francis Group)
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    Titre: Passed, regulated, or applied? The different stages of emigrant enfranchisement in Latin America and the Caribbean
    Auteur: Palop-García, Pau; Pedroza, Luicy
    Sujet: External Voting ; Emigrants ; Transnationalism ; Franchise ; Diaspora ; Political Science
    Description: When are emigrants really enfranchised? Lengthy lags exist between some reforms that de jure introduced external voting and their application. In the blooming literature on emigrant enfranchisement, these lags remain unexplained. We argue that this hampers our understanding of enfranchisement processes as having different legal and political stages. With data on Latin American and Caribbean states since 1965 until the present, we investigate why some states in this region have delayed the regulation and application of external franchise while others have implemented it right after enactment. We propose hypotheses to understand these reforms as episodes marked by different contexts, engineered by different agent coalitions and embedded into larger processes of political change. In particular, we suggest that enfranchisement processes are composed of three stages: enactment, regulation, and first application. Our findings suggest that the process of adoption of external voting is...
    Fait partie de: Democratization, 03 April 2019, Vol.26(3), pp.401-421
    Identifiant: 1351-0347 (ISSN); 1743-890X (E-ISSN); 10.1080/13510347.2018.1534827 (DOI)

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    ¿Retorno o remesas? Políticas económicas de los Estados de Latinoamérica y el Caribe hacia su diáspora

    Pedroza, Luicy, Palop, Pau
    Apuntes: Revista de Ciencias Sociales, 2019, Vol.46(84), pp.159-184 [Revue évaluée par les pairs]
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    Titre: ¿Retorno o remesas? Políticas económicas de los Estados de Latinoamérica y el Caribe hacia su diáspora
    Auteur: Pedroza, Luicy; Palop, Pau
    Sujet: Latin America ; Caribbean Area ; Diaspora ; Economic Policy ; Remittances ; Overseas Employment ; Migrant Workers ; Comparative Studies ; Labor Migration ; Economic Policy ; Diaspora ; Wage Differentials ; Migrants ; Policy Making ; Neoclassical Economics ; Remittances ; Business Cycles ; Emigration ; Mercosur ; International Bank for Reconstruction & Development–World Bank;
    Description: Explanations of why migrants return to their countries of origin  tend to focus on factors at micro and macro levels: from seeing it as individual  choice (e. g. neoclassical economics) or household strategy (e. g. new economics of labor migration), to seeing it as determined by structural  conditions of receiving or sending countries (e. g. economic cycles, wage  differentials, etc.). Yet we know very little about how states of origin combine  their policies towards emigrants to establish economic links with them,  from remittances to return. With an original dataset for Latin American  and Caribbean countries, we can provide an initial descriptive panorama  that highlights the choices that countries make in this regard. We compare  the return policies to other economic policies geared to emigrants. This  helps us in detecting return policies, which is often a neglected dimension  in comparative diaspora policy studies, as one among several that states of origin develop to achieve their economic strategies. Also, this first attempt at  descriptive analysis provides further paths to explore the causal links behind  diaspora policy development in the realm of economic policy. 
    Las explicaciones sobre por qué los migrantes retornan a sus países  de origen tienden a centrarse en factores de nivel micro o macro: desde  considerar la decisión como una elección individual (la perspectiva de la  economía neoclásica) ó como una estrategia familiar (el punto de vista de la  nueva economía de la migración laboral) hasta asumir que está determinada  por condiciones estructurales de los países receptores o de origen (es decir,  por los ciclos económicos, las diferencias salariales, etc.). Muy poco sabemos,  sin embargo, sobre cómo los Estados de origen combinan distintas opciones  de políticas hacia los emigrantes para establecer vínculos económicos  con ellos, desde las remesas hasta el retorno. Empleando un conjunto de  datos originales, correspondientes a países de América Latina y el Caribe,  brindamos un panorama descriptivo inicial que resalta las opciones que los  Estados escogen respecto a este tema y, especialmente, comparamos políticas  correspondientes al retorno con otras políticas económicas dirigidas a los emigrantes. Ello permite detectar políticas de retorno que a menudo  son omitidas en estudios comparativos de las políticas frente a la diáspora y que constituyen algunas de las que los Estados de origen desarrollan como parte de sus estrategias económicas. Este primer intento de análisis descriptivo pone las bases para la exploración de los vínculos causales que subyacen al desarrollo de políticas de la diáspora dentro del ámbito de las políticas económicas. 
    Fait partie de: Apuntes: Revista de Ciencias Sociales, 2019, Vol.46(84), pp.159-184
    Identifiant: 0252-1865 (ISSN)

    • Livre
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    Citizenship beyond nationality : immigrants' right to vote across the world

    Pedroza, Luicy
    Philadelphia : University of Pennsylvania Press
    2019
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    Titre: Citizenship beyond nationality : immigrants' right to vote across the world / Luicy Pedroza
    Auteur: Pedroza, Luicy
    Editeur: Philadelphia : University of Pennsylvania Press
    Date: 2019
    Collation: xii, 313 pages : ill.
    Classification: neu-sfm Citizenship
    neu-sfm Immigrant policy
    neu-sfm Political system
    neu-sfm Civil and political rights
    neu-sfm Voting behaviour
    neu-sfm National identity
    neu-sfm Equal opportunities
    neu-sfm Comparative analysis
    neu-sfm Germany
    neu-sfm Portugal
    Identifiant: 9780812250978 (ISBN)
    No RERO: R008950491
    Permalien:
    http://data.rero.ch/01-R008950491/html?view=NJ_V1

    • Plusieurs versions

    Diaspora policies in comparison: An application of the Emigrant Policies Index (EMIX) for the Latin American and Caribbean region

    Pedroza, Luicy, Palop-García, Pau
    Political geography, September 2017, Vol.60, pp.165-178 [Revue évaluée par les pairs]

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    Beyond convergence: unveiling variations of external franchise in Latin America and the Caribbean from 1950 to 2015

    Palop-García, Pau, Pedroza, Luicy
    Journal of ethnic and migration studies, 04 July 2017, Vol.43(9), pp.1597-1616 [Revue évaluée par les pairs]
    Taylor & Francis (Taylor & Francis Group)
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    Titre: Beyond convergence: unveiling variations of external franchise in Latin America and the Caribbean from 1950 to 2015
    Auteur: Palop-García, Pau; Pedroza, Luicy
    Sujet: External Franchise ; Electoral Rights ; Emigrants ; Diaspora ; Latin America ; Anthropology ; Sociology & Social History ; Women'S Studies ; Economics
    Description: A growing literature deals with the models that states have developed to reach out to their emigrant communities. The literature covers a wide range of initiatives, most notably electoral policies. In this line of research, we present a comparative view of the citizenship policies of Latin American and Caribbean states using a data set that includes information (yearly observations from 1950 to 2015) of the external franchise policies of 22 countries. First, this paper describes the scope of inclusion of non-resident citizens in terms of electoral rights. Second, we study the evolution over time of the external franchise policies of the countries under study. Despite cultural, historical and obvious geographic commonalities across countries, the analyses reveal that the convergence trend in the external franchise policies developed by Latin American and Caribbean countries is limited to a most general level. Below that level many variations in terms of specific electoral rights,...
    Fait partie de: Journal of ethnic and migration studies, 04 July 2017, Vol.43(9), pp.1597-1616
    Identifiant: 1369-183X (ISSN); 1469-9451 (E-ISSN); 10.1080/1369183X.2016.1234932 (DOI)

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    The grey area between nationality and citizenship: an analysis of external citizenship policies in Latin America and the Caribbean

    Pedroza, Luicy, Palop-García, Pau
    Citizenship studies, 04 July 2017, Vol.21(5), pp.587-605 [Revue évaluée par les pairs]
    Taylor & Francis (Taylor & Francis Group)
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    Titre: The grey area between nationality and citizenship: an analysis of external citizenship policies in Latin America and the Caribbean
    Auteur: Pedroza, Luicy; Palop-García, Pau
    Sujet: Citizenship ; Discrimination ; Mobility ; Rights ; Status ; Nationality ; Government ; Political Science
    Description: Literature on diaspora engagement policies, transnational and extra-territorial citizenship has painted the increasing recognition of dual nationality and the extension of state policies to the diaspora as a signal of states leaving behind the paradigms of exclusive nationality and residence as conditions to exercise citizenship. In doing this, this literature tends to treat citizenship and nationality as synonyms. By analysing the citizenship policies of 22 Latin American and Caribbean states towards their nationals who reside abroad and/or acquire another nationality, we add key nuances to such consideration: nationality and citizenship may relate to different legal statuses - with important consequences for migrants - and there might be differences also between the citizen rights of nationals by origin and of nationals by naturalization. In particular, we show that citizenship and nationality interact in different ways when it comes to the preservation of rights for emigrants:...
    Fait partie de: Citizenship studies, 04 July 2017, Vol.21(5), pp.587-605
    Identifiant: 1362-1025 (ISSN); 1469-3593 (E-ISSN); 10.1080/13621025.2017.1316701 (DOI)

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    An Unexpected Pioneer in Asia: The Enfranchisement of Foreign Residents in South Korea

    Mosler, Hannes B, Pedroza, Luicy
    Ethnopolitics, 14 March 2016, Vol.15(2), pp.187-210 [Revue évaluée par les pairs]
    Taylor & Francis (Taylor & Francis Group)
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    Titre: An Unexpected Pioneer in Asia: The Enfranchisement of Foreign Residents in South Korea
    Auteur: Mosler, Hannes B; Pedroza, Luicy
    Sujet: Anthropology ; Women'S Studies
    Description: Since 2005 South Korea is the pioneer state in Asia to extend voting rights at the local and regional levels to foreign residents. The few explanations of this unlikely reform remain partial and contradictory. With this research, we contribute to a fuller understanding of the political process that led to this electoral reform. We take a middle-range perspective that emphasises the role of the construction of these rights and negotiation about them between political groups along a decision-making process. We find that some characteristics of the Korean enfranchisement of non-citizens render it indeed a special case, but that it also confirms the explanatory power of the factors proposed by the more specific comparative literature dealing with this phenomenon.
    Fait partie de: Ethnopolitics, 14 March 2016, Vol.15(2), pp.187-210
    Identifiant: 1744-9057 (ISSN); 1744-9065 (E-ISSN); 10.1080/17449057.2014.954318 (DOI)

    • Plusieurs versions

    The Democratic Potential of Enfranchising Resident Migrants

    Pedroza, Luicy
    International Migration, June 2015, Vol.53(3), pp.22-35 [Revue évaluée par les pairs]

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    Policy framing and denizen enfranchisement in Portugal: why some migrant voters are more equal than others

    Pedroza, Luicy
    Citizenship studies, 01 October 2013, Vol.17(6-7), pp.852-872 [Revue évaluée par les pairs]
    Taylor & Francis (Taylor & Francis Group)
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    Titre: Policy framing and denizen enfranchisement in Portugal: why some migrant voters are more equal than others
    Auteur: Pedroza, Luicy
    Sujet: Alternatives to Citizenship ; Immigrant ; Citizenship ; Portugal ; Non-Citizen ; Rights ; Government ; Political Science
    Description: The enfranchisement of non-citizens across different democracies has been mostly approached at with macro-explanations that propose national traditions of citizenship or transnational influences as remote causes, leading researchers to explain variation through some fuzzy balancing of the two. This article joins the more recent literature focusing on the meso-level, particularly on political discourses on denizen enfranchisement, to examine the deviating case of Portugal, based both on strict reciprocity and on differentiating clauses that divide non-citizen migrants into different universes of voters and non-voters. Such a case allows theoretical refinement of process-based and discursive approaches on denizen enfranchisement and shows that it succeeded in Portugal when parliamentarians framed it as a symbolically generous but practically restricted move that promised prestige gains vis-à-vis Europe and Portuguese emigrants.
    Fait partie de: Citizenship studies, 01 October 2013, Vol.17(6-7), pp.852-872
    Identifiant: 1362-1025 (ISSN); 1469-3593 (E-ISSN); 10.1080/13621025.2013.834140 (DOI)