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    • Article
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    Ethnic Group Representation in a Cross-National Comparison

    Ruedin, Didier
    The Journal of Legislative Studies. - 2009/15/4/335-354
    2009
    Disponible
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    Titre: Ethnic Group Representation in a Cross-National Comparison
    Auteur: Ruedin, Didier
    Date: 2009
    Sujet: political representation - ethnicity - comparative - cultural attitudes
    Description: This paper compares the levels of ethnic group representation in parliament in 95 democracies. The analyses are comparative in nature, breaking with the literature where single country studies are the norm. Considering both electoral and cultural variables, the results cast doubt on whether the role of the electoral system in shaping political representation is dominant. In contrast to what much of the literature suggests, once controlling for the ethnic make-up of society and cultural attitudes, electoral aspects seem of little significance. Levels of ethnic group representation are best explained with cultural variables, in particular liberal attitudes towards marginalised groups in society.
    Publication en relation: The Journal of Legislative Studies. - 2009/15/4/335-354
    Document hôte: The Journal of Legislative Studies
    Identifiant: 10.1080/13572330903302448 (DOI)

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    Titre: The Representation of Women in National Parliaments: A Cross-national Comparison
    Auteur: Ruedin, Didier
    Date: 2012
    Collation: 14
    Description: Women’s representation in national parliaments is examined using a large cross-national sample. Initially, the article seems to confirm previous findings that the electoral formula and quotas are good predictors for the proportion of women in parliament. In line with some recent contributions, this article finds that the proportion of women in parliament is explicable in terms of culture—particularly attitudes towards women as political leaders. It appears that regional differences reflect differences in attitudes relevant to women’s political representation. Drawing on recent developments on gender quotas and insights on the influence of attitudes on gender representation, in this article, quotas and measured attitudes are considered at the same time. Once controlling for regional or cultural differences, the provision of voluntary party quotas does not appear to be significant at the national level. The results are tested for robustness over time, and using a subsample of OECD countries. This article provides further evidence for a strong association between cultural factors and the proportion of women in parliament.
    Identifiant: 10.1093/esr/jcq050 (DOI)

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    Titre: Individual Representation: A Different Approach to Political Representation
    Auteur: Ruedin, Didier
    Date: 2012
    Collation: 15
    Description: This article presents a new conceptualisation and measure of political representation to complement conventional approaches. Individual representation scores place the individual rather than the legislature at the centre, providing a fresh perspective on the relationship between inequality and representation. They are calculated by comparing first the position of the individual with other citizens, and second the position of the individual with the legislature. The article outlines how to make sense of individual representation scores and includes an empirical example.
    Identifiant: 10.1080/00344893.2012.653248 (DOI)

    • Article
    Sélectionner

    The Representation of Women in National Parliaments: A Cross-national Comparison

    Ruedin, Didier
    European Sociological Review. - 2012/28/1/96-109
    2012
    Disponible
    Plus…
    Titre: The Representation of Women in National Parliaments: A Cross-national Comparison
    Auteur: Ruedin, Didier
    Date: 2012
    Description: Women’s representation in national parliaments is examined using a large cross-national sample. Initially, the article seems to confirm previous findings that the electoral formula and quotas are good predictors for the proportion of women in parliament. In line with some recent contributions, this article finds that the proportion of women in parliament is explicable in terms of culture—particularly attitudes towards women as political leaders. It appears that regional differences reflect differences in attitudes relevant to women’s political representation. Drawing on recent developments on gender quotas and insights on the influence of attitudes on gender representation, in this article, quotas and measured attitudes are considered at the same time. Once controlling for regional or cultural differences, the provision of voluntary party quotas does not appear to be significant at the national level. The results are tested for robustness over time, and using a subsample of OECD countries. This article provides further evidence for a strong association between cultural factors and the proportion of women in parliament.
    Publication en relation: European Sociological Review. - 2012/28/1/96-109
    Document hôte: European Sociological Review
    Identifiant: 10.1093/esr/jcq050 (DOI)

    • Article
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    Individual Representation : A Different Approach to Political Representation

    Ruedin, Didier
    Representation. - 2012/48/1/115-129
    2012
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    Titre: Individual Representation : A Different Approach to Political Representation
    Auteur: Ruedin, Didier
    Date: 2012
    Sujet: Dialogism - Dialogicality - Symbolic resources - Diary
    Description: This article presents a new conceptualisation and measure of political representation to complement conventional approaches. Individual representation scores place the individual rather than the legislature at the centre, providing a fresh perspective on the relationship between inequality and representation. They are calculated by comparing first the position of the individual with other citizens, and second the position of the individual with the legislature. The article outlines how to make sense of individual representation scores and includes an empirical example.
    Publication en relation: Representation. - 2012/48/1/115-129
    Document hôte: Representation
    Identifiant: 10.1080/00344893.2012.653248 (DOI)

    • Article
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    The Role of Language in the Automatic Coding of Political Texts

    Ruedin, Didier
    Swiss Political Science Review
    2013
    Disponible
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    Titre: The Role of Language in the Automatic Coding of Political Texts
    Auteur: Ruedin, Didier
    Date: 2013
    Collation: 8
    Sujet: Automatic Coding - Language - Party Manifestos - Political Text
    Description: Automatic approaches to coding party manifestos and other political texts have become more widespread. This research note addresses the question to what extent the source language of a text affects the results. To do so, Swiss manifestos in German and French are coded automatically, comparing a keyword-based dictionary approach and Wordscores. Because of language differences, both stemming and particularly stop words are important to obtain comparable results for Wordscores. If both are used, the predicted scores are almost identical in both languages. With the right preparations, the challenge of language differences can thus be overcome.
    Publication en relation: Swiss Political Science Review
    Document hôte: Swiss Political Science Review
    Identifiant: 10.1111/spsr.12050 (DOI)

    • Article
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    Obtaining Party Positions on Immigration in Switzerland: Comparing Different Methods

    Ruedin, Didier
    Swiss Political Science Review
    2013
    Disponible
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    Titre: Obtaining Party Positions on Immigration in Switzerland: Comparing Different Methods
    Auteur: Ruedin, Didier
    Date: 2013
    Collation: 22
    Sujet: Migration - Political science - Political parties - Elections
    Description: The position of political parties on policy issues is crucial for many questions of political science, including studies of political representation. This research note examines different methods for obtaining party positions on immigration in retrospective. Party positions are obtained using pooled expert surveys, manual coding of party manifestos with a conventional codebook, manual coding of manifestos using check-lists, and automatic coding of manifestos using Wordscores and a dictionary of keywords respectively. In addition, positions from a media analysis and a retrospective evaluation of researchers in the field of immigration are used. The results suggest that most methods differentiate the same order of party positions. While there are high correlations between many methods, the different methods tend not to agree on the exact positions. The automatic dictionary approach does not seem to measure party positions reliably.
    Publication en relation: Swiss Political Science Review
    Document hôte: Swiss Political Science Review
    Identifiant: (DOI)

    • Article
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    Obtaining Party Positions on Immigration in Switzerland: Comparing Different Methods

    Ruedin, Didier
    Swiss Political Science Review. - 2013/19/1/84-105
    2013
    Disponible
    Plus…
    Titre: Obtaining Party Positions on Immigration in Switzerland: Comparing Different Methods
    Auteur: Ruedin, Didier
    Date: 2013
    Sujet: Migration - Political science - Political parties - Elections
    Description: The position of political parties on policy issues is crucial for many questions of political science, including studies of political representation. This research note examines different methods for obtaining party positions on immigration in retrospective. Party positions are obtained using pooled expert surveys, manual coding of party manifestos with a conventional codebook, manual coding of manifestos using check-lists, and automatic coding of manifestos using Wordscores and a dictionary of keywords respectively. In addition, positions from a media analysis and a retrospective evaluation of researchers in the field of immigration are used. The results suggest that most methods differentiate the same order of party positions. While there are high correlations between many methods, the different methods tend not to agree on the exact positions. The automatic dictionary approach does not seem to measure party positions reliably.
    Publication en relation: Swiss Political Science Review. - 2013/19/1/84-105
    Document hôte: Swiss Political Science Review
    Identifiant: 10.1111/spsr.12018 (DOI)

    • Article
    Sélectionner

    The Role of Language in the Automatic Coding of Political Texts

    Ruedin, Didier
    Swiss Political Science Review. - 2013/19/4/539-545
    2013
    Disponible
    Plus…
    Titre: The Role of Language in the Automatic Coding of Political Texts
    Auteur: Ruedin, Didier
    Date: 2013
    Sujet: Automatic Coding - Language - Party Manifestos - Political Text
    Description: Automatic approaches to coding party manifestos and other political texts have become more widespread. This research note addresses the question to what extent the source language of a text affects the results. To do so, Swiss manifestos in German and French are coded automatically, comparing a keyword-based dictionary approach and Wordscores. Because of language differences, both stemming and particularly stop words are important to obtain comparable results for Wordscores. If both are used, the predicted scores are almost identical in both languages. With the right preparations, the challenge of language differences can thus be overcome.
    Publication en relation: Swiss Political Science Review. - 2013/19/4/539-545
    Document hôte: Swiss Political Science Review
    Identifiant: 10.1111/spsr.12050 (DOI)

    • Article
    Sélectionner

    The Relationship between Levels of Gender and Ethnic Group Representation

    Ruedin, Didier
    Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism. - 2010/10/1/92-106
    2010
    Disponible
    Plus…
    Titre: The Relationship between Levels of Gender and Ethnic Group Representation
    Auteur: Ruedin, Didier
    Date: 2010
    Sujet: Development - Dynamic - Time - Model - Subjectivity - Sociocultural psychology
    Description: This article examines the relationship between levels of gender representation and levels of ethnic group representation in national parliaments. Taagepera (1994) and Lijphart (1999) predicted that because of shared mechanisms and covariates levels of representation in the two forms should be positively correlated. Whilst this paper can identify a number of shared covariates, there is no evidence of an association between levels of gender and ethnic group representation. The lack of negative association suggests that increasing levels of representation in one form does not necessarily come at the cost of the other. Instead it appears that the salience and politicisation of divisions – approximated by the make-up of society – may shape the relationship between levels of gender and ethnic group representation: representation scores tend to be higher in the forms of representation that are thought to be more salient.
    Publication en relation: Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism. - 2010/10/1/92-106
    Document hôte: Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism
    Identifiant: 10.1111/j.1754-9469.2010.01066.x (DOI)