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Me the people : how populism transforms democracy / Nadia Urbinati
Auteur:Urbinati, Nadia Editeur:
Cambridge : Harvard University Press
- Representative government and representation Contient:
Introduction: A new form of representative government -- From antiestablishment to antipolitics -- The true people and its majority -- The leader beyond parties -- Direct representation -- Epilogue: A dead end?
In this study of populist politics, Nadia Urbinati argues that populism is best understood as a new form of representative government, based on an unmediated relationship between a leader and those in society whom the leader defines as the "true" people. Leaders of oppositional populist movements gain popularity by taking advantage of a discontent with rule by political elites. Party elites are cast as a homogenous political class who favor their own interests at the expense of ordinary people. Populist leaders who attain office thus face the following puzzle: they must exercise political power without themselves appearing to become part of the political elite. To solve this puzzle, Urbinati argues, populist rulers claim to represent the people by a process of embodiment or incarnation. This form of "direct representation" allows the populist leader both to bypass intermediary bodies, such as political parties, and to avoid any claims of accountability or responsibility. The populist dependence on the will of the leader, along with its willingness to exclude minorities from consideration, renders populist forms of democracy inherently unstable and opens a path to authoritarianism.
Includes bibliographical references and index
Classification:neu-sfm Populism neu-sfm Political system neu-sfm Right-wing radicalisation neu-sfm Political parties Identifiant:
9780674240889 (alk. paper) (ISBN) No RERO:
Inside the radical right : the development of anti-immigrant parties in Western Europe / David Art
Auteur:Art, David Editeur:
New York : Cambridge University Press
xvi, 272 p. : ill. ; 23 cm
Sujet RERO:Partis politiques
- Extrême droite
- Science politique
- 21e siècle (début)
- politique comparée
- Europe occidentale Sujet RERO - forme:[Études comparatives] Sujet LCSH:Political parties -- Europe, Western
- Radicalism -- Europe, Western
- Right-wing extremists -- Europe, Western Contient:
1. Introduction -- 2. Activists and Party Development -- 3. Parties of Poor Souls -- 4. Nationalist Subcultures and the Radical Right -- 5. Party Transformation and Flash Parties -- 6. Reforming the Old Right? -- 7. Conclusion -- Appendix A. Percentage of the Vote for Radical Right Parties in National Parliamentary Elections -- Appendix B. Coding Pocedure for Radical Right Party Lists -- Appendix C. ISCO Codes for Radical Right Candidates for Office
"What explains the cross-national variation in the radical right's electoral success over the last several decades? Challenging existing structural and institutional accounts, this book analyzes the dynamics of party building and explores the attitudes, skills and experiences of radical right activists in eleven different countries. Based on extensive field research and an original data set of radical right candidates for office, David Art links the quality of radical right activists to broader patterns of success and failure. He demonstrates how a combination of historical legacies and incentive structures produced activists who helped party building in some cases and doomed it in others. In an age of rising electoral volatility and the fading of traditional political cleavages, Inside the Radical Right makes a strong case for the importance of party leaders and activists as masters of their own fate"--Provided by publisher
Contient des données sur la Suisse
- Bibliogr.: p. 245-262
Classification:neu-sfm Central Europe neu-sfm Right-wing radicalism neu-sfm Political parties Identifiant:
9780521896245 (hardback) (ISBN); 9780521720328 (pbk.) (ISBN) No RERO: